What an architect does: the main attributions of this profession

The time to decide a career can be quite tricky when you still have no idea what career to pursue. In this article we separate some important information for you to understand what an architect does and think about the possibility of choosing this profession.

Although the profession is confused with the work of engineers and interior design, the architect differs in some assignments. However, the professional works closely with many of these professionals.

The architecture course is much sought after in the main educational institutions in the country. Therefore, it is important to be prepared for competition in the market. But if the professional dedicates himself, he has space for all.

Find out now what an architect does, what his / her assignments and abilities are, understand how the job market is, what areas architects can work in, and what steps to pursue in the field.

What does an architect do?

The architect is responsible for creating projects for buildings, houses, commercial establishments, among others. The purpose of your job is to plan and organize internal and external areas of the most varied environments.

The design developed by the architect must obey a functional architecture that provides comfort, be aesthetically beautiful, but without having to attack the environment. The greatest asset of an architect is to provide harmony between lighting, furniture and ventilation.

In a construction, the architect must communicate with the responsible parties to define a project that meets the needs of the client. In this way, the professional can choose and specify the best materials that will be used in the construction.

What are the duties of an architect?

Assignments of an architect

According to the Architecture and Urbanism Council of Brazil - CAU the architect has a generalist profile, but some attributions are determinant for the function. Check them out.

  • The architect should supervise, coordinate, manage and technical guidance of a work;
  • Must collect data, study, planning, design and specification;
  • The technical and environmental feasibility study must also be carried out by the architect;
  • The architect should provide technical assistance, advice and advice;
  • Must be responsible for the direction of works and technical service;
  • Must do survey, expertise, evaluation, monitoring, award, technical opinion, audit and arbitration;
  • The architect can perform the position and technical function;
  • Must do training, teaching, research and university extension;
  • The professional is responsible for the development, analysis, experimentation, testing, standardization, measurement and quality control;
  • Must draw up a budget;
  • Need to do specialized technical production and dissemination;
  • The architect should be responsible for the execution, supervision and conduction of work, installation and technical service.

What skills should the architect have?

Skills of an Architect

Before thinking about deciding for the career of an architect is good to understand some essential skills for this professional. These skills are essential to building a good career in the field.

To know how to draw

The professional does not have to be an expert illustrator, but he needs to understand some techniques in the field. Competence is needed to put your ideas, plans and suggestions on paper so the client can understand your proposal.

Have ease with math

To develop projects, the architect needs to know equations, formulas and calculations. It is therefore important to be familiar with mathematics. But if you do not master, be assured that with practice you will have no difficulties.

Needs to be creative

Creativity is one of the obligatory items for those who want to build a career in architecture. Projects need to be innovative, that surprises customers and meets their needs and wants.

Know the trends

The architect needs to know the market trends to design sophisticated, modern and current projects. For this, the professional must have a cultural baggage and be interested in various styles and concepts of art.

If you upgrade

If the intention is to build a successful career as an architect, the professional needs to stay current in the market. Therefore, it is essential to invest in your participation in lectures and workshops, as well as to build excellent networking.

How is the job market for the architect?

Architecture job market

Most architecture professionals work autonomously in their offices. Many have chosen to partner with architecture college to reach the largest number of customers.

In this way, the architect can provide service developing projects for companies and individuals. Therefore, the market is broad, since the professional can be hired to carry out a complete project or only part of it.

However, competition is great because in some regions the market is saturated, especially in large urban centers. Moreover, since most of them are self-employed, they can not count on a fixed monthly salary.

The current situation of the economy of the country has collaborated for the diminution of civil constructions that contracted many architects. So if you want to act as an architect you need to expand your horizons to other areas.

Interior design is the area that is most heated in the market, as many companies are bothering to provide a good working environment for their employees. In addition, people are looking to harmonize their home environment by combining lighting, ventilation, ergonomics and color.

What areas can the architect act in?

The architect has the possibility to work in several areas within the profession because he is a professional generalist. We have selected some areas of expertise for you to understand how the career of an architect is quite broad.


The architect who works in the area of ​​urban planning should design regions, neighborhoods, cities, free areas, and layout of various housing developments. It is their responsibility to organize these places in a spatial manner. Generally, the professional is hired by public agencies.

Landscaping and Environments

When working in the area of ​​landscaping and environments, the architect does all the planning and creation of open spaces such as gardens and squares. However, the professional can also be hired to design facades and residential gardens.

Building Restoration

If the intention is to recover old buildings or that are deteriorated, the architect must act in the restoration of buildings. But to work with this is necessary to understand some techniques and to have knowledge in restoration to maintain the integrity and the original characteristics of the monuments.

Visual communication

In visual communication the architect can work creating the identity of a company, passing through cinema, set design and industrial design. However, the branch that contracts the most is the creation of communication projects for urban areas such as signage, alert and identification signs.

Monitoring and administration of works

The architect is one of the great people responsible for making a project happen when he or she accompanies and manages a work. This is because the professional must maintain safety and quality throughout the process and execution of the work.

Furniture design

It's not every architect who likes to work with design, but the furniture design market is well heated. The professional is responsible for creating furniture and objects that will make up an environment.

Architectural 3D visualization

To work in the area of ​​3D architectural visualization you need to have extensive knowledge in specific software to be able to develop techniques in 3D modeling, post-production, lighting or rendering.


The architect can work on developing research to find new tools to improve everyone's work. These improvements are important because everything is constantly changing.


Some architects are looking to specialize only in lighting projects. This is because the technique helps to improve the quality of the environments and contributes to the well being of the people.

Specialist in BIM

The Building Information Modeling (BIM) area is quite broad, as the professional can work in conjunction with modeling, consulting, software development, management and research positions.

How to build a career in architecture?

Architecture career

To build a successful career in the field of architecture you must follow a few steps. Check out!

Listen to more experienced professionals

Leave the shame aside and look for experienced professionals in the area to get to know more about the profession. They are usually people who are willing to share information and teach others.

Stay tuned to the world of sustainability

The architectural professional who does not take proper care of the environment will have great difficulty in developing their projects. So try to study law a lot and understand how to create sustainable projects.


As in any area, networking for the architect is key to building a good career. So keep a good relationship with companies and professionals you admire and keep your college friends to form great partnerships.

Be dedicated

The architect needs to study hard and devote himself to his projects. When you realize that something is not in order, you need to redo and be relentless. You can be sure that your client will notice dedication to the project result.

Have a good resume and portfolio

The portfolio is the personal marketing of the architect. As a result, prepare something unique that represents your personality very well and show your best projects. Do not forget to draw up a resume with your professional experiences.

Understanding what an architect does is key to deciding if the profession really is what you want for your professional life. Now it's time to analyze the advantages and disadvantages to hit the hammer.

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