The roof is the last stage of construction. He finishes the work and reveals the architecture and aesthetics of the house. However, the roof must be defined and planned at the beginning, so that the project is as desired. This is because each type of tile has specific characteristics regarding material, color, slope, thermal insulation and durability. Therefore, each type of tile suits better in one project than in the other.
Price is also a deciding factor when purchasing tile. There are cheaper types and many more expensive ones. The tiles also fit the architectural model of the house. There are models that benefit more from traditional constructions and others from more contemporary styles.
All these variations must be taken into account before planning the roof and the type of tile to be used so as not to have surprises - unpleasant - at the time of finalizing the work. But calm down! Rest assured that in this post you will find all the information you need to choose the best tile for residential coverage.
Get to know the main types of existing roofing tiles in construction
Let's start by talking about the types of ceramic tiles, one of the most traditional.
1. Ceramic tiles
Ceramic tiles are the most common tiles in Brazil. Made of clay, they can leave the house in a more rustic and cozy style. There are several types of ceramic tile. The most used are the French, Portuguese, Roman, colonial and plan.
The main difference between them is the format. The French tile, also known as Marseilles, has on its edges a relief that allows a better accommodation and fixation between the tiles, being therefore the most suitable type for places that suffer in strong winds or for roofs that have a greater slope. The average price of each French tile is R $ 1.75.
The Portuguese tile has one of its round halves and is ideal for those who want a wavy roof. The average price of a Portuguese tile is R $ 1. The Roman tile is flat and has an easy fit. This is one of the cheapest ceramic tiles on the market, with an average price of $ 0.89.
The colonial tile has a concave shape and the installation is done by rows in inverted positions. The way of setting this type of tile allows a better drainage of the water, being very indicated for regions with high rainfall index. The unit price of the colonial tile is, on average, R $ 1.
Finally, the plan model. Very similar to the colonial type, with the difference that this tile has a straight format. The tile plan can be found for sale from R $ 1.
Even though they have different shapes, most ceramic tiles have the same size: 23.5 centimeters in length, except for the plan and colonial models that are half the size of the others. Therefore, to cover a square meter you need about 15 to 18 tiles. It is worth mentioning that the recommended minimum slope for ceramic tiles is 30%.
The main advantages of ceramic tile are thermal insulation and easy cleaning and maintenance. However, the weight of these tiles requires a more sturdy structure, increasing the overall cost of the roof and fortifying more the structure of the building. This feature can be a disadvantage for those looking for something lighter and more economical. Check out some models of roofs made with ceramic tiles:
Picture 1 - Modern style house has the main roof hidden in the platibanda, only the roof of the garage, made with ceramic tiles, was left apparent.
Picture 2 - Country house with four-story roof and ceramic tiles.
Picture 3 - What would a rustic style house without the presence of ceramic tiles?
Picture 4 - Ceramic tiles with skylight.
2. Concrete Tiles
Concrete tiles, or cement tiles as they are also known, are recent in the market and still little used. But gradually it has been gaining ground for its advantages. The main ones are the thermal comfort, the variety of shapes and colors available - green, red, peach, gray, ivory, coffee, among others - and the possibility of using them in projects with a greater slope, above 35%. The average price of each concrete tile is R $ 1.40.
However, concrete tiles are even heavier than ceramic tiles, ie it is necessary to fold the reinforcement into the roof structure.
Picture 5 - Concrete roof stands out in the architecture of this house.
Picture 6 - Concrete tiles allow a greater slope of the roof.
Image 7 - Color of the tiles value the architectural design.
Picture 8 - Color of tiles matching the color of the house.
3. Enamelled tiles
Glazed tiles are a type of ceramic tile differing only in the finish. This type of tile receives at the end a layer of color, which also ensures, in addition to the variety of tones, more durability and resistance to the tiles, besides leaving it less permeable, thus reducing the possibility of infiltrations and the appearance of fungi.
However, enamelled tile can cost up to twice as much as a regular ceramic tile, with an average price of $ 2.10, but some stores even sell the glazed version for up to $ 3 each piece.
Image 9 - The importance of planning the roof at the beginning of the construction to guarantee the best result
Image 10 - Gray enamelled tiles and white lining.
Image 11 - Two-story roof made with enameled tiles.
Image 12 - Modern architecture benefiting from the beauty of enamelled tiles.
4. Fiber cement tiles
Asbestos cement tiles are very popular, also known as Brasilit tile and Eternit tile. This type of tile has come to replace old asbestos tiles that are no longer marketed because of the high risk to human health.
The traditional shape of asbestos cement tiles is corrugated, but there are also models that mimic ceramic tiles. The fiber cement tiles are lightweight, resistant, durable and cheaper when compared to other existing models. The price of a fiber cement tile measuring 6 mm thick and measuring 1,53 by 0,92 cm is, on average, R $ 28.
Another advantage of this type of tile is that it can be installed with a minimum slope of 15%. Because they are light, fiber cement tiles also do not require a very reinforced structure, which is another positive factor for those who want to save on the roof . The main disadvantage of this type of tile is that it absorbs a lot of heat and can leave the house warm. The solution to this, however, is simple simply build a liner or a slab.
Figure 13 - For those who think that asbestos cement tiles should be hidden, this project came to prove otherwise.
Picture 14 - Small house and simple but very beautiful with its fiber cement roof.
Figure 15 - Asbestos cement tiles cover a larger area with only one piece.
Image 16 - Fiber cement tile imitating ceramic tiles.
5. Photovoltaic tiles
Photovoltaic tiles. Does that name sound different to you? Not for nothing, this tile is new in the Brazilian market. These tiles are made of ceramic, but they have one crucial difference: their main function is to generate energy by means of the direct conversion of sunlight into electricity. The wiring runs under the roof until you reach the converter.
A roofing of photovoltaic tiles in an area of 40 m² is able to produce enough energy for a family. However, prepare the pocket. For the cost of this type of tile is still high.
Image 17 - Partially covered roof with photovoltaic tiles.
Picture 18 - Blue roof, for those who want to unite aesthetics with functionality.
Image 19 - Sustainable buildings are the trend of the future, in all parts of the work.
6. Galvanized tiles
Galvanized tiles are highly durable and sturdy. This type of tile is made of steel and coated with a mixture of aluminum and zinc, preventing corrosion and rust formation. There are two color options on the market for galvanized tiles: white and silver, which would be the color of the metal itself.
One advantage of this tile is that it can be installed with only 15% inclination. Although tough, this type of tile has very poor thermal insulation, heating the environment. Another problem with this type of tile is the noise, especially during the rain. The average price of a galvanized tile measuring 1.03 meters by 0.98 centimeters is R $ 23.
Image 20 - Porch covered by white galvanized tile.
Picture 21 - Modern architecture house with galvanized roof.
Image 22 - Small house covered with galvanized tiles.
Image 23 - The higher the right foot less thermal discomfort inside the residence.
Picture 24 - White galvanized tile became apparent in this house.
Image 25 - Interesting combination: galvanized tiles and wood.
7. Stacked Tiles
The gravel tiles are a type of metallic tile that combines beauty and functionality. This type of tile has a layer of ground rock with a ceramic finish, being very similar to the tiles of Roman and French style. Unlike traditional metallic tiles, the gravel tile has the characteristic of not radiating heat, providing a good thermal comfort. They also do not absorb moisture and are easy to install. However, the cost of this type of tile is greater than that of ceramic and concrete.
Image 26 - Simple and small house covered with gravel tiles.
Image 27 - Dark roof contrasts with the white color of the house.
Image 28 - Graveled tiles call attention to their shape.
Image 29 - Differential roof model covered with gravel tiles.
8. Metal tiles
Metal tiles can be made of steel, aluminum, copper or a mixture of different metals. This type of tile is very durable, durable, lightweight and can cover large areas due to the size of each unit - can reach more than four feet in length
Picture 30 - House on the lake covered with metal tiles.
Picture 31 - Modern air of this house was obtained with the use of metallic tiles.
Image 32 - On the outside, the white metallic tiles became apparent.
Image 33 - A roof made to appear and attract attention.
Image 34 - For those who like to bet on the mix of materials, you can be inspired by this country house.
Image 35 - Metal tile and glass tile in the same project.
9. PET Tiles
As its name suggests, this tile is made from PET bottles. Besides being an ecologically correct type, this tile is very light and does not require a reinforced structure, thus reducing the total cost of the roof. And do not think that because it is made from recyclable material, this type of tile is less resistant. On the contrary. PET tiles are very resistant, durable, withstand high temperatures and are not porous, as are ceramic tiles, reducing permeability and mold creation in the part. And to close the list of advantages we can not fail to mention that the PET tile is still very versatile, can be found in models similar to ceramic and in the options translucent and colorful.
Image 36 - Modern and sustainable architecture with the PET roof.
Picture 37 - Let them appear.
Image 38 - Four-story roof made with PET tiles.
Image 39 - It looks ceramic, but they are PET tiles.
10. Polycarbonate Tiles
Polycarbonate tiles come in the list of types of translucent and transparent tiles. They are widely used to cover outdoor areas or to create areas of light indoors. This type of tile is very durable, lightweight, and has a UV (ultraviolet) protective coating to ensure the tile does not yellow over time. It is a great choice for glass tiles that are more fragile.
Image 40 - Polycarbonate roof for pool area.
Image 41 - Ensure natural lighting indoors with polycarbonate tiles.
Picture 42 - Pergolado covered with polycarbonate tiles.
Picture 43 - Polycarbonate tiles are more durable than glass tiles.
11. PVC tiles
PVC tiles are lightweight, versatile and can be found in different colors and shapes. The most common are those that mimic the ceramic model, including color. One of their disadvantages, however, is that they can heat the environment, as they do not have good thermal insulation. PVC tiles have a higher cost when compared to fiber cement tiles and ceramic tiles, the average price of a piece measuring 2.30 by 0.86 centimeters is R $ 75.
Image 44 - PVC roof perfectly mimicking a ceramic roof.
Image 45 - PVC tiles have different color options.
Image 46 - PVC roof with sharp slope.
Picture 47 - Modern house with PVC roof.
12. Shingle Tile
Shingle tiles are not very common in Brazil, being more used in American houses. Made with asphalt, this type of tile is very resistant, can be used at different angles of inclination, requires little maintenance and is available in different colors. The price of the shingle tile is that it is not very attractive: three square meters cost $ 137 on average.
Image 48 - White house with shingle brown tiles.
Image 49 - House and roof in the same color.
Picture 50 - Roof four waters made with shingle tiles.
Picture 51 - Black roof to attract attention of all that pass.
Image 52 - Classic house with shingle tiles.
Picture 53 - Shingle roof with trapdoor.
13. Thermoacoustic Tile
The thermoacoustic tiles are produced as if it were a sandwich. These tiles have the outer layers of metal "stuffed" with styrofoam. The composition of this type of tile makes it have a great thermal and acoustic insulation, being ideal for projects that need these characteristics.
Image 54 - Thermo-acoustical tile used in the house with high ceilings.
Image 55 - Country house with thermoacoustic roof.
Image 56 - Unlike other metallic tiles that reverberate the sound of the rain, thermoacustics do not suffer from this problem.
Image 57 - Thermoacoustic tiles covering the shed.
14. Glass tile
Glass tiles are used to allow natural light to enter in dimly lit environments. This type of tile is usually made in the same shape as ceramic tiles or concrete because they are used together. They can also be installed outdoors such as balconies. The major drawback of this type of tile is that it can crack and break easily, in addition to frequent cleaning to ensure transparency.
Image 58 - Glass house: walls and ceilings built with material.
Image 59 - Glass tiles supported on the metal structure.
15. Translucent tile (fiberglass)
Translucent tiles are made of fiberglass and have the same purpose as glass tiles, except that they are more resistant, light and durable. They do not look the same as glass, but can be used without great aesthetic damage.
Image 60 - External Pergolado covered with translucent tiles.
Image 61 - External area more illuminated with the transparency of translucent tiles.
Image 62 - Because it is cheaper, this type of tile is much used in industrial and commercial areas.