You may have noticed the variety of palm trees that adorn gardens, balconies and flower beds. But perhaps you do not know that there are about two thousand species of cataloged palms. Given the variety, how to choose among the most diverse types of palm trees, the most appropriate to compose a landscape project ?. Let's clarify this and other questions in this post. Continue to follow to identify the most common types of palms and the correct way to plant and care for the plant.
Palm trees are tropical plants mainly from countries in Africa, Latin America and South Asia. This type of plant grows up to 40 meters high in some species, such as the Imperial Palm. So it is important to evaluate where the palm tree will be planted to avoid future upheavals. Even because the palm trees are a companion for all life.
How to plant
There are species of palm trees that can be planted in pots or flowerbeds, while others, due to their growth, are more suitable for external areas (we will speak more in detail of the planting of each species below). Because of this, it is important that you first define where you want the presence of the palm tree. From this it is easier to determine the most suitable species.
Another important detail to be observed before planting is the climate of your region. Palm trees are tropical plants that enjoy hot, humid and sunny weather. The annual temperature should remain above 22º for the plant to develop properly. Therefore, plant your palm in a place that receives sunlight every day.
The best time of the year to plant palm trees is between summer and early autumn, the period with the highest incidence of rainfall. Before planting prepare the soil with organic manure, rich in humus.
Some palm species have spiny or pointed leaves, so avoid planting them at the entrance or in places where there is too much circulation to avoid accidents.
Caring for the palms
After planting, you must maintain certain care to ensure the beauty and longevity of the palm. Such care includes frequent watering since moisture is a key factor for the health of the plant. It is advisable to water it every other day and on warmer days make sure that the earth does not dry out.
Make fertilization every six months with manure or other organic material. Pruning is also important for directing the growth of the plant, use to remove dry or diseased branches to avoid interfering with healthy leaves. And, finally, ensure that your palm receives direct sunlight.
Know now the main types of palm trees used in gardens
Check out now the most common types of palm trees used in landscaping and the characteristics of each. Thus, there is no mistaking the choice:
1. Areca palm
The areca palm is a very common type being seen in both indoor and outdoor landscaping projects. The species has fast growth and can reach three meters in height. The areca develops both half shade and full sun, and is therefore very suitable for planting vases decorating the interior of the residences.
Picture 1 - Inside the pot, the growth of the plant is controlled.
Picture 2 - Areca voluminous palm tree decorating the external corridor of the house.
Picture 3 - In the right conditions and planted directly on the ground, the areca reaches its fullest.
Picture 4 - Ensure the luminosity for the plant to grow healthy.
Image 5 - Areca palm trees can be easily found in gardening stores.
Picture 6 - Although it develops well in half shade, the palm tree really likes sun.
Blue palm tree
Originally from the Island of Madagascar, the Blue Palm is exotic and very different from the others. Its large, fan-shaped leaves have a silvery tone, making a slight reference to blue color. No doubt it is a beautiful plant to decorate the house. However, because of its size, the Blue Palm should be planted in open and wide places, since the plant can reach up to 12 meters in height. The species can be planted alone, creating a focal point in the garden or in groups, causing an equally enchanting effect. In this case, however, it is important to pay attention to the minimum distance between each change, which must be at least eight meters.
Picture 7 - Even the youngest plants already have the bluish aspect of the leaves, creating from the beginning a striking visual for the garden.
Picture 8 - Blue palm tree in composition with other plants.
Image 9 - The exuberance of a ripe blue palm.
Image 10 - Contrast of species: notice the difference of the tonality of the leaves.
Image 11 - In some rare cases, the blue palm can reach 25 meters in height.
Image 12 - Blue palm tree welcomes anyone who arrives in the house.
3. Phoenix Palm Tree
The Palm Phoenix is also known as a mini palm, since it tends to grow much less than the other species, reaching up to a height of two meters. Although it prefers the full sun, the Phoenix tree grows very well in the shade. For this reason it is widely used to compose interior decoration.
Picture 13 - Palm Phoenix has thorns at the base of its leaves, so watch out for where the plant will be placed.
If the palm tree is in the garden, bring a little of it into the house.
Picture 15 - Palm tree in composition with lower plants.
Image 16 - In the vase, the phoenix palm also develops well.
Image 17 - The elongated and thin stem of this species of palm leaves the plant with an elegant look.
Picture 18 - In outer areas, the palm tree grows more, so be sure to leave adequate space between each seedling.
4. Bottle Palm
The Palmeira Garrafa is a sculptural species and very exotic, ideal to decorate gardens. Of slow growth, this palm tree can reach up to six meters in height. The characteristic format of this species is due to the dilatamento of the base of the trunk for the storage of water. The bottle palm should be cultivated in full sun with well fertilized soil. The most recommended is to do isolated planting to enhance the sculptural detail of the plant.
Image 19 - Set of palm trees bottles in the garden.
Image 20 - External areas are the most suitable for planting this species.
Image 21 - The bottle palm is a good option to be cultivated in coastal regions, as it supports the winds and salinity very well.
Image 22 - Bottle palm tree ornamenting the garden.
Image 23 - The leaves of the palm tree bottle are also very striking.
Image 24 - Palm trees bottles can be planted in a vase, as long as it receives light and heat.
5. Imperial Palm
The Imperial Palm does not have that name by chance. The first of this species was planted for the first time in Brazil by D. João VI and became a symbol of the empire. Of majestic size, the imperial palm tree can reach 40 meters of height, being ideal to follow great constructions, avenues, avenues and large residences. The best way to plant it is in pairs, groups, or rows. The isolated species is lost and disproportionate in the environment.
Image 25 - Path of imperial palms.
Image 26 - Lush and majestic.
Image 27 - Imperial palm trees in conjunction with smaller species.
Image 28 - In such a scenario it is possible to size the size of the imperial palm.
Image 29 - Imperial palm trees planted in groups.
Image 30 - Large houses are the most suitable to receive the species.
6. Fan Palm
The fan palm is a small species, hardly reaching more than three meters in height. This plant draws attention to its large leaves, in triangular shape, pleated and toothed edges. The fan palm is a great option for planting in external and internal areas, and can be cultivated, even in pots. The important thing is to keep the plant in a well-lit place.
Image 31 - Leaves of palm fan decorating the entrance hall .
Image 32 - Fan palm tree decorating the outside area in conjunction with other plants.
Image 33 - The voluminous leaves of this species of palm tree can disturb the passage.
Image 34 - Bright green leaves make this palm even more ornamental.
Image 35 - In pots, in the full sun, the palm trees develop fully.
7. Royal Palm
The Royal Palm is a species native to Australia but has adapted very well to the Brazilian climate and is now one of the main species used for ornamentation of external areas. The Palmeira Real can reach up to 20 meters in height and is very resistant to cold and frost, and can even be planted in mountainous regions.
Image 36 - Royal palm trees guarding the entrance of the house.
Picture 37 - Even high, the real palm trees do not take the visibility of the facade of the house.
Image 38 - Palms are great for bringing tropical climate into the home.
Image 39 - The warm climate of the coast becomes one of the best places to grow palm trees.
Image 40 - Varied species of palm trees composes the landscape design of this external area.
Image 41 - With long leaves and tall stem, the royal palms bring elegance to the buildings.
8. Foxtail Foxtail
The leaves of this palm tree are its main highlight. The arched shape and with numerous leaflets make them similar to bottle brushes or fox tails, as the name itself suggests. This species is widely used in gardens, and is usually planted in groups of three to four palms to ensure the species' exuberant look. In pots, during the young phase, the plant develops well if placed in a well-lit place.
Image 42 - Path made with foxtail palm trees.
Image 43 - Bulky leaves are the main characteristic of this species of palm.
Picture 44 - When it reaches the maturity, the Palm tree of fox gives red fruits.
Image 45 - Base of the palm tree ornamented with species creeping and that appreciate half shadow.
Image 46 - Set of palm trees forming a solid green and yellow.
Picture 47 - Of rustic appearance, the palm trees combine perfectly with the beach environment.
9. Palm tree raffia
The raffia palm is an elegant and very ornamental species that can be planted in flowerbeds, gardens or pots and is widely used for interior decoration. The Japanese were the first to use the plant for decorative purposes. As an adult, the raffia palm can reach up to three meters in height. This species of palm tree enjoys a milder climate, being able to be cultivated both in full sun and shade. Waterings must be regular.
Image 48 - Set of raffia palm at the entrance of the house.
Image 49 - In the vase, the raffia palm decorates with a lot of charm and beauty.
Image 50 - The species, although requiring frequent irrigation, is very easy to grow.
Picture 51 - Palm trees and Adam's ribs leave the room with a tropical climate.
Image 52 - Tall vases, like this one of the image, guarantee style and elegance to the plant.
Picture 53 - Palm tree raffia.
10. Triangular palm tree
The triangular palm tree shows moderate and slow growth, but can reach up to six meters in height. What is most noticeable in this palm tree is the way the leaves are arranged in the crown of the plant, forming a triangle. When young, the triangular palm can be planted in pots and then transplanted to larger sites such as squares and parks.
Image 54 - Wavy path with triangle palms.
Image 55 - This type of palm tree is very common in the decoration of shopping malls.
Image 56 - At the entrance of the house, the palm tree triangle remains imperious.
Image 57 - Palm tree triangle also has slightly greyish leaves.
Image 58 - Do not confuse the triangle palm with the blue palm, the difference between them is the shape of the leaves, the first has elongated leaves.
11. Washingtonia Palm
Palmia Washingtonia or Palm Saia, as it is also known, is one of the species of palm that has adapted to Brazilian soil. Originally from the United States and Mexico, this species can reach up to 20 meters in height. The leaves of the washington palm are large and fan-shaped, forming a wide open canopy. An interesting characteristic of this palm tree is that its old leaves do not fall, as it happens in the other varieties, in that the plant creates a brownish skirt of dry leaves. This peculiarity of the plant may end up becoming a problem, since this skirt can house pigeons and rats, and the permanence of the leaves makes the plant highly flammable, and can catch fire easily. These negative aspects of the plant can cause it to be removed from the site to avoid accidents and other inconveniences.
Image 59 - House entrance ornate with palm trees washingtonia.
Image 60 - The large and open leaves of this species were harmonized with the low plant.
Picture 61 - For the species cultivated at home, the skirt can be easily removed avoiding the problems mentioned above.
Image 62 - Tall and majestic.
Image 63 - Different palm trees composing the same space.
Image 64 - Palm tree washington in conjunction with species of arid climate.