Roof models: the main types and materials for construction

Thinking about the roof model for the house is one of the most important steps of the work, not only for the functional aspect, but also for the aesthetic function that the structure offers. There are several models of roofs constructed with the most diverse materials. Knowing the particularities of each one is important to have a modern house outside and inside , after all an inadequate or poorly constructed roof will condemn your house to live with leaks and dampness.

In this post we will introduce you each type of roof, its features and the main materials with which they are made. This way you will be able to make the best option for your home. Check out:

Arched roof models

Of great aesthetic value, arched roofs are usually made of only one side of the house. It was the architect Oscar Niemeyer who consecrated this type of roof in the constructions, nevertheless the model is little seen because of its high cost.

But for those who like the proposal and have a free budget to invest in a work of this size, the arched roof is a great choice for homes of modern architecture. However, this type of roof should only be built by trained professionals to ensure the proposed design curve and proper functionality. See some models:

Picture 1 - Sobrado with arched roof; the wood lining further enhances the structure.

House with arched roof

Picture 2 - Like a wave in the sea: impossible to deny the beauty of this curved roof house.

Curved roof model

Picture 3 - Not as arched as the others, but it is possible to notice the slight curvature of the structure.

Bend in roof structure

Picture 4 - Arched roof accompanies the curved structure of the house.

Arched roof follows the structure of the house

Gambrel roof models

The Gambrel roof is closely associated with the shape of american houses , brought to the US by Dutch immigrants, the original site of this type of roof. The Gambrel roof has two angles, the top being shallower and the bottom sloping steeper.

Image 5 - Roof type Gambrel is not very common in Brazil, its use is higher in the USA and in European countries.

American house with roof gambrel

Picture 6 - Roof Gambrel has an internal space very used for attics.

Rooftop gambrel roof

Image 7 - Roof model Gambrel values ​​the large house and many rooms.

Large house with roof gambrel

Image 8 - Black Gambrel roof model in contrast to the white house.

Black gambrel roof

Mansarda roof models

The Mansarda roof is often mistaken for the Gambrel roof. But there are significant differences between them. The Mansarda has four parts, two on each side of the house, the lower slope being steeper than the upper slope. The Mansarda allows you to choose whether the upper slope will be visible or not from the ground.

Of French origin, the Mansarda roof has a space in its upper part that allows to create a storage space, the famous attic, as well as the Gambrel. This type of roof is also not very common in Brazil.

Image 9 - Mansarda roof model with attic.

Roof Masarda with attic

Image 10 - Mansarda roof model for the house of classical architecture.

Classic architecture house with Mansarda roof

Picture 11 - House of red brick valorized by the cover of the Mansarda type.

House of brick with Mansarda roof

Picture 12 - Attic space is perhaps one of the great advantages of this type of roof.

House with roof Masarda and attic

Flat Roof Models

Modern architecture was largely responsible for popularizing this type of roof. The flat roofs / sausages are easy to build, bring more security and accessibility, and can even be used as a terrace.

However, this type of roof requires much greater maintenance than other types of roof, especially in the treatment of the slab, to keep it always waterproofed.

Image 13 - Flat roofs are the architects' preferred choice for modern buildings.

Modern construction with flat roof

Image 14 - Flat roof with a slight slope; ideal model for minimalist style designs.

Flat roof with slight slope

Image 15 - It becomes curious to see a house without the apparent roof.

House on apparent roof

Picture 16 - Flat roof model for the modern style house and full of straight lines.

Flat roof for modern house

Roof models Salt

Another American-style roof model. The salt roof has a shorter side and a longer side, giving an asymmetrical design for the house. In houses of the type sobrado the salt roofs are even more beautiful, because they show the difference between the sides providing an elegance and an extra charm the construction.

Image 17 - Models of Salt roofs have well marked sides, each with a different size.

House with roof Salt

Image 18 - Salt Roof Model brings a striking design to the building.

Striking design with Salt roof

Image 19 - The difference between each side is determined according to the design.

Salt roof design

Picture 20 - Roof model Salt for modern style house.

Modern style house with Salt roof

Skillion roof models

The Skillion roof is another option for houses with modern architecture. This type of roof has a single inclined surface, also known as "roof a water", and is generally used only in one part of the house.

Modern designs usually use the Skillion roof in multi-level homes, with the goal of creating unique shapes and patterns on the exterior of the building.

Picture 21 - Skillion roof covering only one side of the house.

Skillion roof on one side of the house

Image 22 - The Skillion roof model was used in the larger part of this house.

House with roof Skillion

Picture 23 - Strong inclination of the roof Skillion left this house with a very striking appearance.

Townhouse with roof Skillion

Picture 24 - Skillion roof model and flat roof in the same project.

House with Skillion roof and flat roof

Image 25 - Roof Skillion in a modern architecture project.

Modern architecture design with Skillion roof

Bonnet roof

The bonnet roof is very similar to the pyramid-style roof, but in the Bonnet model, the two sides slide out an angle.

Image 26 - Wooden house with Bonnet roof.

Wooden house with Bonnet roof

Image 27 - Bonnet roof is widely used to cover balconies and other outdoor areas.

House with roof Bonnet

Image 28 - Bonnet roof model brought charm and grace to these beach houses.

Charming house with Bonnet roof

Picture 29 - Roof Bonnet in conjunction with other models of roofs.

Bonnet roof in conjunction with other roof models

Models of pyramidal roof or four waters

The model of pyramidal roof or four waters is very well known and used in Brazil. It is an excellent choice for square and rectangular houses and promote a fast flow of water.

Although very common in older buildings, the four-story roof continues to be widely used in modern buildings because of its versatility. It is possible to use the pyramidal roof in two ways: apparent or hidden. In the first case, as the name itself suggests, the roof remains on display. While in the second form, the roof is constructed with a smaller slope and a larger wall, known as platybanda, which leaves it hidden.

Picture 30 - Modern house with four waters roof.

Modern house with four waters roof

Image 31 - Double pyramidal roof.

Double pyramidal roof

Picture 32 - A house with roof is more welcoming.

A house with a roof is more welcoming

Image 33 - Four-story roof model with skylight.

Four-story roof with skylight

Models of roof two waters

Two-story roofs are relatively easy to build, have low cost and promote good drainage of water. Together with the four waters model, the two waters is one of the most used in Brazilian constructions.

However, this type of roof is not very recommended for places that suffer from strong and constant winds.

The two-water roof has two different models: the American and the cangalha. The American style has one of the highest parts, this effect can be obtained by raising the masonry or the woodwork. Already in the cangalha style, the ridge is responsible for joining the two sides of the roof.

Image 34 - Roof two waters in the cangalha model.

Two-story roof in the cangalha model

Picture 35 - Charming houses with roof two waters.

Charming houses with roof two waters

Image 36 - Model of roof two waters; in the entrance a structure of wood similar to a roof 'a water'.

House with roof two waters

Image 37 - In this project, the meeting between the two sides of the roof is on the side of the house.

Side of the house roof

Most used materials for the construction of roofs

1. Ceramic roof

Ceramic tile roofs are also known as colonial. This type of roof usually appears and stands out on the facade of the house by the reddish color of its little tiles. They can be built in a variety of formats, from two-water models to more elaborate models, such as the Bonnet.

Ceramic roofs are very popular in Brazil, integrating designs of houses of varied styles. There are several models of ceramic tiles, the most used being Roman, French, Portuguese, Italian, Colonial and American.

Picture 38 - Although the ceramic tiles have become popular by the reddish coloration, there are other colors of roof made in ceramics.

House with ceramic roof

Image 39 - Ceramic roofs are also well known for providing optimum thermal comfort within the residence.

Ceramic roof in the house

Image 40 - Ceramic cover made in a traditional way for the external area.

Ceramic cover

Image 41 - Gray ceramic roof.

Gray ceramic roof

Image 42 - Model of ceramic roof the view only of the inner part of the house.

Roof models: the main types and materials for construction

2. Fiberglass roof

Asbestos cement tiles are currently the most cost-effective on the market. Its lightweight composition allows for a simpler structure, however the tiles need to be tightly fixed so as not to suffer from gusts of wind.

The thickness of the fiber cement tiles varies between 4 and 8 millimeters. Already the size is usually standard, being sold generally in the measure of 1.22m by 2.44m.

Picture 43 - Asbestos cement tiles are very resistant.

Asbestos cement roof

Image 44 - If the goal is to economize, opt for asbestos cement tiles.

Fiber cement tiles are cheap

Image 45 - Four-story roof model with asbestos cement tiles.

Four-story roof with asbestos cement tiles

Image 46 - Roof two waters of American style.

American style two-water roof

3. Wooden roof

Undoubtedly, the wooden roofs give a very beautiful look to the house. The most common way to use them is to cover small areas, especially the outer ones, or to promote a detail in the architecture.

However, the material needs constant maintenance, since it tends to suffer a lot from the rain, the sun and the wind. Another disadvantage of using wood on the roof is the great possibility of it being attacked by pests, especially termites.

If you choose the material to cover your home, ensure that it will receive proper care and maintenance to keep you always beautiful. Otherwise, the roof can compromise your entire project.

Picture 47 - The same pattern of wood used in the walls was used for the roof of that house.

The same pattern of wood used on the walls was used for the roof of that house

Image 48 - Cast model of wooden roof, here in this project the effect is only aesthetic.

Cast wood roof model

Picture 49 - Parsley is one of the most common types of wood / bamboo roofing.

Coating with wood / bamboo pergola

Picture 50 - This house only counts on the structure of wood; a purely aesthetic effect.

Aesthetic effect on wooden roof

Image 51 - Wood and bamboo for a very different house.

Wood and bamboo for a very different house

4. Polycarbonate roof

Polycarbonate is a translucent material widely used to increase the brightness of environments. It can be constructed with tiles attached to each other or by entire plates. This type of roof is commonly used in outdoor areas, especially in pergola coverage. But it can also be used indoors by sandwiching polycarbonate tiles with conventional tiles.

Image 52 - Polycarbonate cover in the external area.

Polycarbonate cover in external area

Picture 53 - Polycarbonate on the roof of the balcony does not stop the passage of light.

Polycarbonate on the roof of the balcony

Picture 54 - Model of two-story roof in polycarbonate.

Two-story polycarbonate roof

Image 55 - Arched roof model made in polycarbonate.

Arched roof made of polycarbonate

5. Green Roof

Green roofs are a trend in more modern projects, especially due to the growing concern to bring into the houses the concept of sustainability and nature.

This type of roof has very positive characteristics, among them it is possible to emphasize the ability to keep the internal temperature of the house always pleasant - absorbing up to 90% more heat than the conventional roofs - to improve the acoustic insulation of the house and to offer a very suspended garden beautiful to be appreciated.

In addition to the residents themselves, the neighborhood also benefits from the use of green roofs, since it has the ability to significantly improve the surrounding air.

Image 56 - Green roof model with several species of plants.

Green roof with several species of plants

Image 57 - Check the weather and conditions of the place to use the most suitable plants.

Plants on the roof

Image 58 - Lawn arched roof model and a flat green roof.

House with arched roof and lawn

Image 59 - A roof to be enjoyed.

Roof models: the main types and materials for construction

Image 60 - Merged with the landscape, this house lives in perfect harmony with the environment.

House with green roof

6. Glass roof

The glass roofs have the same characteristics of polycarbonate roofs, ie the main purpose of this type of roof is to promote or enhance natural lighting.

The biggest difference between them is that glass is a nobler material than polycarbonate.

Image 61 - Glass roof model to enjoy day or night; combined with the wood the room gets even cozier.

Glass roof for day or night

Picture 62 - To favor the natural lighting of the kitchen, the option was a glass roof positioned strategically in the center of the room.

Glass roof model in the kitchen

Image 63 - High ceiling with glass ceiling.

High ceiling with glass ceiling

Image 64 - External cover made of glass.

Glass outer cover

Image 65 - Glass cover on the facade of the house.

Glass cover on the facade of the residence

7. Thatched Roof

Rustic is the word that defines the roof made of straw. Projects with this material have a warm aura and very welcoming.

Straw roofs can be used to cover the entire house or just a specific area, and they blend nicely in outdoor environments such as balconies.

Picture 66 - Perfect combination: in the middle of nature, a wooden house covered with straw.

Thatched roof in wooden house

Image 67 - Straw was the material chosen to coat this masonry house.

Masonry house with thatched roof

Image 68 - A house to fall in love with: straw, wood and lots of nature.

Straw, wood and nature

Image 69 - Straw roof model in modern house.

Modern house with thatched roof

Picture 70 - Model four-roof roof with straw cover.

Four-water roof and straw

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