Patina is one of those simple and inexpensive solutions capable of changing the face of a mobile. This ancient technique appeals to a lot of people, but not everyone knows exactly what it is and how it is made. Is that you? Knows? Like it?
Firstly, the patina, in its origin, refers to the chemical compound that forms naturally on the surface of metallic objects thanks to the effect of weather and climate.
This visually interesting effect was artificially reproduced by French artists and artisans of the 18th century, when the first references to the use of the patina technique arose. In Brazil, the patina reached its peak in the 1990s and then fell into disuse. However, the technique has returned refreshed in recent years and it seems to have come to stay for another good time.
Basically, patina is a technique that consists of the application of layers of paint that are later sanded to the point of leaving the wood apparent, giving in fact the impression that the furniture is old and worn.
Despite being widely used in furniture, the patina can also be used on walls, doors and anvil. And do not even think that patina is all the same because it is not no. There are different patina application techniques that differ especially by the end result. Know below the main types of patina:
Types of patina
1. Provencal patina
We can say that the patina of Provencal style is the mother of all other patinas, precisely because this was the first mode of application of patina created and also the simplest to be done.
In the Provençal patina, the whole surface of the furniture is painted, but are the corners and the edges that gain the most worn appearance. Another important characteristic of this type of patina is that the paint used is always white or another very light tone on a dark brown background, which refers to the traditional color of the wood.
The Provençal patina gives to the furniture - or the surface that is applied - a touch of delicacy and romanticism.
2. Demolition patina
The demolition patina has a more rustic look and is ideal to be applied in farm furniture or country style. Another feature that sets this style is the use of vivid colors to create the patina effect.
3. Colorful patina
The colorful patina, as its name suggests, has no color restrictions and is generally all done with vivid and striking colors. This special patina technique looks great when the intention is to enhance a furniture in the decoration and create a livelier and livelier environment.
4. Mexican Patina
The Mexican patina is also very colorful. The difference between this type of patina with the previous one is that here the colors are applied mixed in the bottom of the piece. For finishing, a lighter, softer tone is usually used. The colors most used in this type of patina are yellow, orange and red.
5. Washed patina or satiné
The washed patina, also known as Satiné, is made with soft tones, usually in the combination of tone on tone. This type of patina is also characterized by diluting the paint in water leaving it well watered creating the impression that the paint was actually washed from the furniture.
Each type of patina gives a different effect to the surface on which it was applied, creating from a rustic and elaborate look to something more classic and romantic. It is up to you to define which style fits most with the décor of your home.
Now that you know what patina is and what its main types, how about putting your hand in the dough and learn how to apply the technique on your furniture, walls, doors and other objects? We've selected a few step by step for you to do it all by yourself in your home. Check out:
How To Make Provencal Patina
How to make demolition patina with blue background
Mexican patina: complete step by step
Learn how to make colorful patina
Tips to make patina at home
- Sanding and cleaning are very important patina steps. Make sure that all parts of the cabinet have been sanded properly to receive the paint layer. After sanding, clean the cabinet thoroughly with a soft, dry cloth;
- All types of finishes such as varnish, lacquer or paint need to be removed before applying the patina. To do this, use a suitable remover for the type of finish of your furniture and then sand thoroughly until all the waste is removed;
- It is very important that you wait for the recommended drying time for each coat of paint, this will ensure the satisfactory result for your patina;
- The most used inks for the application of patina are the type of PVA, synthetic enamels based on water or paint suitable for handicrafts;
- Any color can be used for patina application, however white is the most used especially if the intent is to create the Provencal effect;
- Use a fine sandpaper to highlight even more edges, corners and embossments of the furniture;
- The greenish, blue and orange tones are very used in the technique of the patina precisely because it is the natural tone that the metal acquires when aging, therefore to leave its patina even more realistic and faithful to the origin bet in these colors;
60 pictures of patina in furniture for you to be inspired
This post could not end without showing a beautiful and passionate selection of photos of environments that bet on the charms of the patina. There are 60 inspiring and creative images for you to bring home too. Check out:
Picture 1 - This room is pure charm and delicacy with the closet and the table in patina; note, however, that the wear and tear on the coffee table is much greater than that in the cupboard
Picture 2 - The white patina, or Provençal, was chosen to give the finishing in the table, in the chairs and in the door stop; further in the background, the dark door also received the aged appearance of the patina
Picture 3 - In this environment the motto is 'the more worn, the better!'
Picture 4 - In this double room was the nightstand that received the patina in the tone of turquoise .
Picture 5 - Here, the patina was applied in the screen with a very soft frayed effect; the decoupage, another coating technique completes the furniture.
Picture 6 - There are no limits to the application of patina; in this room it was used on the floor.
Picture 7 - Give a new face to the mirror using patina in the frame.
Picture 8 - To match the colorful patina of the dresser, a fabric in the same colors; note that the wall also received the technique.
Picture 9 - The patina enters this kitchen discreetly and delicately through the cup holder.
Picture 10 - The wooden table was more charming with the bench and the chairs in white patina.
Picture 11 - The classic decoration room bet on a buffet with patina effect to be even more welcoming.
Picture 12 - A pallet bed won a headboard in patina: the project could not be more complete.
Picture 13 - The patina can be used in conjunction with modern furniture as in this image, where the patina mirror frame coexists peacefully with the modern wooden cabinet.
Picture 14 - For the more daring, turquoise blue chairs with patina finish.
Picture 15 - It has room for patina in the decoration of scandinavian style also; in this case give preference to the white patina.
Picture 16 - A cabinet in patina beyond delicate and romantic.
Image 17 - A more natural worn effect can be achieved using neutral and light colors similar to wood color, such as beige or brown.
Picture 18 - For the furniture to be even more charming replace the handles with others of retro model.
Image 19 - Reliefs, corners and edges of the furniture can be highlighted using another tone of paint during the patina process.
Image 20 - The combination of blue and orange is perfect for highlighting the aged patina proposal.
Picture 21 - The discreet table in the corner of the room was valued in the environment by the effect of the patina.
Image 22 - The shelves can also enter the wave of the patina and gain a new and quite different face.
Picture 23 - The more you sanding the furniture, the more worn and aged it will look.
Picture 24 - An environment with Provençal decoration demands, almost obligatorily, for a furniture in patina.
Picture 25 - In this room, the window was chosen to receive the patina.
Picture 26 - In antique furniture and luxurious aesthetics the patina also proves a great ally, just wear it with less intensity.
Image 27 - The imposing buffet was even more outstanding in the environment with the application of patina.
Image 28 - The patina does not need to be applied throughout the furniture, here, for example, it was used only in front of the drawers.
Picture 29 - The large table is more cozy with the chairs in patina.
Picture 30 - Patina on the bathroom wall? Yes, it is possible!
Picture 31 - Everyone has a mobile at home that no longer knows what to do with it; in such cases, patina may be the solution.
Picture 32 - Each chair of a color, but all of them properly marked by the effect of the patina.
Picture 33 - The lavender wardrobe took advantage of the charm of the patina to be even more delicate.
Picture 34 - The furniture is old, but the colors used for the patina refer to a modern and current decoration.
Image 35 - Pallets, patina and some cups: the end result is this one.
Picture 36 - The Victorian armchairs already lavish class and sophistication naturally, the application of the patina in metallic tone only comes to reinforce the historical air of the furniture.
Image 37 - It is not enough to be of patina, have to have flowers to stay even more delicate and Provencal.
Picture 38 - The patina in the children's wardrobe is beautiful to live!
Picture 39 - The outdoor furniture is the champions in the use of the patina and, in fact, combine very well with the outdoor life.
Image 40 - The damask tone wall enhances the orange blue of the patina of this cupboard.
Picture 41 - A turquoise-blue set for no one to fault.
Image 42 - Created in white patina; highlight the woody background of the furniture.
Image 43 - Patina is one of the best and most effective techniques for restoring antique furniture.
Image 44 - Romantic room bet on the chair in patina to highlight the decoration proposal.
Picture 45 - To the white bathroom a pink furniture in patina: a combination full of charm.
Picture 46 - In this other bathroom the green patina was used throughout the wall.
Picture 47 - Another perfect inspiration of furniture in patina for the children's room.
Picture 48 - The discreet patina does not change almost anything the original appearance of the furniture.
Image 49 - The washed patina was the technique chosen for the finishing of this door.
Picture 50 - And where it has furniture, it has patina! In this room, she even appears on the piano.
Picture 51 - One of the characteristics of the patina is its ability to make the environments more welcoming and cozy.
Picture 52 - The chest of drawers with gold handles received very well the proposal of a dark green patina.
Picture 53 - Patina in the Christmas ornament : Did you see how versatile the technique is?
Picture 54 - For each rule of the table a differentiated application of the patina.
Picture 55 - The table of solid wood won the company of chairs with white patina.
Picture 56 - And this purple bookcase with patina? Somewhat unexpected to you?
Picture 57 - In this room, the patina enters the frames of the pictures.
Image 58 - The patina on the wall may seem a bold idea at first, but after seeing a project like that the thing changes figure.
Image 59 - Romantic, classic and with patina on all sides.
Picture 60 - The bed and bedside table of this room are completed in the proposal of use of the patina.