The Japanese garden is characterized by the beauty and harmony of nature. If you enjoy the tranquility and dream of having a space for contemplation, meditation and relaxation, check out our tips and references to get inspired when it comes to setting up a Japanese garden.
How to build a Japanese garden?
A Japanese garden requires special care. Depending on the choice of plant, it is advisable to pay attention to pruning and soil fertilization. Each plant has its own characteristics and its growth cycles. If you do not have the time to take care of the garden, it is best to choose species that require reduced maintenance. Check out the most popular ones below:
Japanese Garden Plants and Elements
The elements of a Japanese garden always have a meaning and a greater function to fulfill. It is no different with plants and shrubs, some have even sacred meaning. See below the main plants of a Japanese garden:
1. Japanese pine tree
The Japanese black pine is a sacred and classic species of tree for cultivating in a garden. They are resistant to more extreme conditions, even in soils with few nutrients. Because it is a kind of bonsai, it requires care such as watering, pruning and fertilizing.
The bonsai is a replica of a miniature nature tree usually laid out on a tray or vase. By similar growth, pattern and features in much smaller proportions, it is considered a work of art.
There are several species of Bonsai to use in a garden and each of them requires specific care. Choose the one that best fits your solution.
Whether in fountain form, as a protective enclosure or as part of the visual, bamboo remains very present in most Japanese gardens, as it is a species present in the region. In addition it is lightweight and easy to handle.
4. Japanese embroidery
Japanese bumblebee is a plant native to the region of China, South Korea and Japan. Because it is a plant of temperate regions, it grows best in the southern region of Brazil. The burgundy may have more than one color and the most used one is the one with red leaves.
Kusamono literally means "that grass", they are small plants that are used to accompany a bonsai. We found the Kusamono in many Japanese gardens.
Having a dedicated space for water is a great way to cherish the Japanese garden. Present generally in ponds with carp, streams and waterfalls in Japanese temples. The water also imparts a therapeutic and relaxing sound to the garden.
The bridges are great for connecting two ends of a garden with creek or pond, as well as bringing visitors closer to the water. It is present in many gardens of this type, but can be used even without water.
Japanese garden stones
Stones are essential elements in a Japanese garden and can contain several meanings. They are associated with knowledge and the sense of longevity or eternity. The choice of stones takes into account their size, surface texture and other characteristics. One of the most difficult tasks in assembling the garden is to make the right choice of stones to create a harmonious environment. Large stones are not fixed directly under the earth. They are buried so that only a part of them appear on the surface.
Stone paths help guide visitors to certain landscapes and are essential in the garden experience. That is why the details are so important. The natural luminosity of the environment should also be studied, because the stones can reflect the light and change the visual aspect of the garden during the day.
Almost every Japanese garden has one or more lanterns. They are usually carved in stone or made of wood and can compose in garden lighting, especially at night.
Small Japanese Garden
In Japan, it is very common to have limited spaces and their constructions are adapted to this condition. Because of this, many gardens are made to fit a small space. Nevertheless, one can create interesting solutions and use some miniaturization technique.
The design and choice of materials are essential for building a harmonic garden. See the example below:
Picture 1 - You can mount a small Japanese garden with some plants and stones.
Picture 2 - A residence in the style of classic architecture of Japan with small garden.
In this project were used d stones to form a path along with two small hills with bonsai.
Japanese Garden Picture Frames
When interacting with all the details, materials and plants used in a Japanese garden, it is also interesting to draw inspiration from references from other projects with similar proposals. To help you, we separate the most beautiful references of Japanese gardens with tips:
Picture 3 - Japanese garden in internal and external environment.
In the case of this project, the garden permeates the internal and external environment of the residence with beautiful plants and many stones. As the design is more minimalist, the garden does not have as many details.
Picture 4 - Example of garden in Japan with white stones.
Picture 5 - House with Japanese garden in the external area.
Picture 6 - Japanese garden with small cascade of bamboo and stone
Picture 7 - Example of Japanese garden commonly found in temples of Japan.
Picture 8 - Japanese garden with bamboo cascade.
Picture 9 - Japanese garden with path of stones and lantern.
Picture 10 - A simple garden with tree at the entrance of the residence.
Picture 11 - Garden between the deck of passage between the environments.
Stones are essential items in a Japanese garden. In this project they can serve as a seating support.
Picture 12 - Side garden with stone paths and plants.
Picture 13 - Garden with cascade and copper tub.
You can also use a touch of modernity in your garden using more modern materials rather than bamboo, which has a more rustic feature.
Picture 14 - A garden option for the backyard of the residence.
This proposal used a Japanese embroidery and small statues characteristic of Japan. The stones are always present.
Picture 15 - Japanese garden with stones and small lantern in the center.
Picture 16 - In this proposal, the garden of the external area was made with stones and has a tree similar to Bonsai.
Image 17 - Garden with stone base and fountain with bamboo.
Picture 18 - This design uses a simple Japanese garden with stones, lantern and plants.
Image 19 - Design of Japanese garden in external area with path of stones.
Image 20 - Japanese garden under the stairs.
Picture 21 - Beautiful Japanese garden with bridge.
Image 22 - Japanese garden with the colors of autumn. Highlight for the vases.
Picture 23 - Garden with stones, lantern and small bridge.
Image 24 - The appearance of a Japanese garden during the winter season.
Image 25 - In this proposal, the external corridor of the house has lateral with plants.
Image 26 - Japanese garden with water fountain.
Image 27 - Japanese garden with stones.
Image 28 - Detail of the bamboo cascade with stone of a Japanese garden.
Image 29 - In this proposal, the lake is the main element, with blocks of stone and concrete.
Picture 30 - An example of Japanese garden with vibrant colors and oriental bell.
Image 31 - Path of stones with water fountain to wash hands and face, present in most temples of Japan.
Picture 32 - Japanese house with garden at the entrance.
Image 33 - Japanese residence with garden in the back.
Image 34 - Japanese garden in minimalist design.
Picture 35 - In Japan, many temples have the famous "tori", which is a bow arranged at the entrance of temples and shrines.
Picture 36 - Japanese garden ample and with stones in an internal environment.
Image 37 - Another example of garden with red tori.
Image 38 - Design with Japanese garden at the entrance with lake.
Image 39 - Japanese garden with stones and small Buddha statue.
Picture 40 - Garden with stones, lantern and a small bridge.
Image 41 - Garden at the bottom of the residence with path of stones.
Image 42 - Beautiful zen space that divides environments with small water source.
Image 43 - Typical park or temple garden of Japan with lake and royal victory.
Image 44 - Japanese garden with water and Buddha statue.
Image 45 - The lantern is an important element of the Japanese garden and serves to illuminate the path of the stones at night.
Picture 46 - Japanese garden in traditional residence.
Picture 47 - A traditional Japanese residence with garden in the separation of the environments.
Image 48 - Japanese garden with concrete blocks.
Image 49 - Path of the garden with stones and vases.
Picture 50 - Garden with cherry tree, bench, stones and fountain.
Picture 51 - Garden with gravel, stone paths and central area.
Picture 52 - Garden in Japanese residence separates the environments.
Image 53 - Typical garden found in temples of Japan.
Image 54 - Residence with Japanese garden in the central span.
Picture 55 - Beautiful Japanese garden in modern house with bridge and lake.
Image 56 - Japanese garden with large lake, stones and native plants.
Image 57 - Garden with stones and water fountain.
Image 58 - Garden with different types of stones, lanterns and bridge.
Image 59 - Japanese garden on the back of a house in the area.
Image 60 - Japanese garden with path of stones.
Image 61 - Japanese garden with gravel, rocks and lawn.
Image 62 - Japanese garden with small waterfall / bamboo water fountain.
Water is an element almost always present in Japanese gardens, symbolizing the cycle of life. By using a waterfall, you can create a relaxing and inspiring sound effect for the environment.