Colors, textures, sense of proportion, aesthetics and ergonomics. These are some of the elements that make up the daily life of an interior designer. This professional, who is neither an architect nor a decorator, has been one of the most requested today when it comes to the setting of homes and businesses.
Are you thinking of becoming an interior designer? So follow this post with us. We have made a question and answer guide to clarify all your doubts about this profession that is still recent in the job market. Check out:
What is an interior designer?
First let's explain the difference between design and designer of interiors. The first - design - concerns the profession, such as architecture, nutrition and pedagogy. The second term - designer - is the name given to the professional trained in design . Therefore, a designer is the professional trained in design of interiors.
Well, cleared up this first point, let's start now to understand what in fact is an interior designer. This professional is responsible for planning, designing and decorating the interior spaces of homes, businesses and companies with the aim of making the environment beautiful, comfortable, safe and functional.
The interior designer needs to plan everything in order to also ensure the harmony, proportion and ergonomics of the spaces. This work is usually divided into two fundamental steps: planning and execution. Understand this concept better in the following topic.
What does an interior designer do? What are your responsibilities?
The interior designer has the mission of establishing a harmonious relationship between space and people, creating much more than beautiful environments, but also comfortable, functional and that value the lifestyle of the residents, their desires and the sensations they expect have indoors.
In general, the work of an interior designer is based on two key points: planning and execution, as stated above. However, although it seems simple, this work is much more complex in practice.
This is because it involves a number of specifics that need to be followed to the letter to ensure a project of quality and excellence. Check below the steps that the interior designer must follow, from the beginning of the project until the moment of delivery to the client:
The first thing that an interior designer should do is to listen to the customer and their needs. You know that person who collects photos and pins from the internet but does not know how to order it? So that will be your job. Gather all ideas, expectations and make them a reality in the home - or other location - of the client.
At the briefing, the designer should also pay attention to how much the client can and expects to spend on the project.
2. Initial design
In the initial design the interior designer surveys the entire environment. Take measurements, evaluate what already exists in space, such as the type of floor, doors and windows. In this step it is also important to register the environment with photos to assist in the definition of the main project.
And here is also the first design of the project, known as the ground floor. This initial sketch brings the main ideas of the project.
The draft is an evolution of the initial project. At this stage the interior designer has already received an ok from the client and can go to the most elaborate phase of the project which is the 3D version. Currently there are several softwares that perform this work.
The 3D project does a very realistic simulation of how the project will look after it.
4. Executive project
The executive project is the continuity of the draft and contains important information so that carpenters, electricians and painters can continue what has been elaborated so far. At this stage, the client has already approved the 3D version and the project may finally start to come off the paper.
In the executive part of the project it is important that the designer has at hand all the costs with the work, so that the client is not surprised with budgets out of their reality.
5. Monitoring and management
The last stage of the work of an interior designer is the monitoring and management of the project already in the execution phase. In this phase, the professional is responsible for everything that goes according to what was agreed with the client. It is also the task of the interior designer to guarantee the delivery time of the services and products contracted and the quality of the same.
And what is the difference between interior designer, decorator and architect?
Do you think interior designer, decorator and architect are all the same? Then you got ugly. Although they are complementary professions, the three play different roles.
The function of the interior designer goes far beyond thinking about the scheme of colors, fabrics and textures that will integrate the environment. That is, his work is above the aesthetic question and he must know how to evaluate points such as functionality, proportion and harmony of the environment. Already the decorator picks up the finished work only to decide the final elements of the space, like rugs, curtain, furniture and other decorative elements.
On the other hand, the architect can assume all these functions mentioned above, in addition to being able to interfere in structural and engineering issues, such as masonry, electrical and hydraulic installations.
That is, an architect can be designer and decorator, since the designer can only accumulate the function of decorator, while the decorator, well, he is only decorator himself.
What are the areas of interior design? Where does he work?
In addition to serving customers independently and autonomously as we mentioned above, the interior designer still has other options in the job market.
It is worth noting here that the thermometer of opportunities for the interior designer is directly related to the construction industry. The warmer the industry, the more work left for the interior designer. Check out below other possibilities for the designer:
Furniture and furniture design : Design, create and elaborate beautiful and functional furniture, both in an autonomous way, for clients, as well as for furniture and industry stores in the sector;
Decoration : to plan the environment aiming at the visual and aesthetic aspect, harmonizing pieces and furniture to the needs and tastes of the client;
Landscaping : To take care of the planning and execution of projects of external areas, like gardens, balconies and terraces adapting furniture, coverings and decorative pieces to the plants and other natural elements;
Sustainable design : A very promising branch for the interior designer is sustainability. From this point of view, he is responsible for creating projects that take into account aspects such as reduction of energy and water use, reuse of materials and the valorization of the functional to the detriment of aesthetics;
Business Analyst : Here, the interior designer lends his knowledge as a consultant to companies that need guidance on furniture and environments;
Academic area : Another opportunity that can be explored by the interior design professional is in the academic field. It is possible to become a teacher of free courses, technical or university. Another possibility is the area of research and innovation within the field of design;
Content Producer : Do you like to write? So you can also use your expertise to deliver content about decoration and design to sites and portals in the area;
What to study to become an interior designer?
To become an interior designer you have three options: take a bachelor's degree course, top-level technologist course or technical course.
In the first option you need four years of study or 2400 hours classes, already to become a technologist are two and a half or 1600 hours classes, while for a technical course about one year or 800 hours classes.
There is no regulation that defines the amount of hours required for the training of an interior designer. Therefore, in theory, all these courses enable the professional in the area. However, to issue a Certificate of Technical Responsibility, a document issued by CREA (Regional Council of Agronomy and Engineering) where the designer is responsible and signs the project, it is necessary to have certification with at least 1200 hours of classes.
In Brazil, the interior design course has existed since the 1980s, but it was only in 1999 that the MEC (Ministry of Education) with the support of ABD (Brazilian Design Association) recognized the technical course of interior design. In 2016 the federal government regulated the profession of interior designer by means of the law nº 13.369.
The interior designer courses must comply with a curriculum established by the MEC that includes theoretical and practical subjects. Here's what the main content offered in the top-level interior design course:
History of Art and Design : this discipline encompasses concepts, foundations and artistic movements throughout the history of humanity;
Theory of Design : a deepening study on what is design, its origin, historical context and the main elements;
Graphic Design and Computing : in this discipline the student learns how to graphically draw projects in 2D and 3D, following the norms and practices of the branch;
Creative process: a good designer needs to exercise creativity, so nothing better than a discipline focused specifically on it. The content is designed to prepare the student for problem solving and to offer tools and techniques for generating innovative, functional and, above all, creative ideas and solutions;
Design Methodology : this course aims to study the processes that involve the creation of a project, from the problems faced to the solutions, seeking strategies and ideas that meet the expectations of the client;
Interior design : The discipline of interior design involves both the creation of residential, commercial and business environments. The proposal here is to enable the student to design various spaces, obeying all the necessary steps of the project: briefing, diagnosis, layouts, plans, detailed views and cuts, budgets, spreadsheets and work coordination;
Furniture Projects : In furniture projects the student develops the ability to create and designs furniture that is useful, functional and aesthetically attractive for the projects that he / she develops.
Other subjects common to the course are:
- Accessibility, Comfort and Ergonomics;
- Scenography and Perspective;
- Construction management;
- Language of Decoration and Styles;
- Social responsability;
- Materials technology;
- Color Theory and Psychology;
What is the average salary of an interior designer?
You must have stopped to imagine how much an interior designer wins, right? After all, good pay is an important part of making a decision about which career to pursue.
Currently, an interior designer in the state of São Paulo receives a salary ranging from $ 6500 to $ 1400, depending on the company and the workload. A self-employed interior professional can earn up to R $ 5500 per month according to data from the Love Mondays site, an online platform where you can consult positions and salaries of professions across the country.
The autonomous interior designer charges his work per square meter of design. For this reason, monthly incomes can vary greatly in proportion to the size of the work being done.
Is there any specific skill that the interior designer needs to have?
There is no specific skill that the interior designer needs to have to master the area, or at least design, since there are now a number of computer programs that do this.
But if there are no skills, in contrast there are some characteristics that may favor the future professional. One of them is creativity. If you are a person who lives with different ideas, likes to innovate and does not settle for the sameness, the career of interior designer really fits you.
Another desirable feature is that the student or interior design professional is interested in subjects such as art and culture. This artistic vein helps the professional to become more creative and original.
And so, is the interior designer for you? Does your beach? Get inspired by the professionals who set the design story and go against your success as well. Good luck!