How to Wall Out: Essential Step-by-Step Guide

Getting a wall is a very important step when remodeling or painting the house. Also, it must be done before passing the ink, in order to cover holes and fix imperfections. After all, a smooth wall gives a special touch to the environment.

The application of running dough, when a construction is made from scratch, is made just after plastering, with the idea of ​​leaving everything ready and ready to receive a painting or finish.

At first glance it may seem a bit difficult, especially for anyone who has never tried to do it alone. But, the good news is that you do not always need to hire a professional. Just follow some tips and blow the wall yourself.

Why break the wall?

Emassar Wall

There are those who think that there is no need to break the wall. Especially when you are doing a renovation and the goal is just to change the color of a particular room.

Despite this, it does not matter if it is the first preparation of the wall, in the case the completion of a work, or just a reform. The ideal is to apply the mass. First, cost-benefit, because the mass protects the wall from infiltration and increases its durability.

Second is the ease of manpower, there are several professionals who work with this service and moreover, you can do it yourself. As stated above, putting the wall on seems difficult. Among other reasons to bet on the mass to the wall are extra protection, ease of cleaning and smooth and even finish (without holes and imperfections).

Another important reason that has led many people to bet on the masses when it comes to remodeling an environment of their home is comfort. The environment becomes more pleasant and welcoming, as if it were new.


There are three types of mass that can be applied to the walls and your choice depends on the location. External walls need stronger material, for example.

You can use the following masses to emasar wall:

1. Acrylic paste

The acrylic mass is best suited for external walls or more humid environments, such as laundries and bathrooms. It is more resistant to water and therefore has greater durability.

In the case of toilets and laundromats is a great choice for renovations as it can be applied on top of tiles. That is, if the goal is to change the decoration is to bet on the paint instead of the tiles, it is not necessary to remove the old ones. Simply pass the acrylic mass over.

2. PVA mass

The mass of PVA, better known as running mass, is the most indicated and used in indoor environments. It is important that the wall to be applied is waterproofed and there is no contact with water and moisture.

In addition to the walls, it can be used in the ceiling and ceiling of the rooms as long as they are made of concrete and not of wood.

3. Plaster

Plaster is also indicated for the interior of the house and needs a place that has been previously waterproofed. This material does not withstand moisture. Ideal for anyone looking for something that dries faster and is not in search of a smooth so perfect.

Materials needed for wall smashing

Materials needed for wall smashing

To move the wall you will need:

  • Mass (race, plaster or acrylic);
  • Wool roll;
  • Crepe tape;
  • Cap;
  • Gloves;
  • Closed clothes;
  • Protective goggles;
  • Sealer;
  • Wall paper;
  • Spatula;
  • Brush;
  • Scraper (PVC and steel);
  • Squeegee;
  • Aluminum angles;
  • Trough;
  • Protection mask

How to take a step by step wall

How to take a step by step wall

To emerge wall you can follow the step by step using spatula or roller. We also leave tips on how to apply plaster. First check the general tips and then the ones specific for the type of application:

1. Remove furniture from space

Will you pass dough on the wall of some internal room? Before starting the process, remove all furniture to avoid soiling. If you can not remove any of the furniture, cover it with a plastic cover and keep it away from the walls.

2. Protect the floor

To facilitate cleaning and avoid scratching the floor, line it with newspapers or cardboard. Ideally, no space should be unprotected. Avoid using plastic bags as they stick to your shoes and leave the place while you are applying the dough to the walls.

In the case of newspapers, if necessary, you can glue the sheets with crepe tape to prevent them from moving as you move about the room.

3. Use the crepe tape to protect some areas

How to Wall Out: Essential Step-by-Step Guide

You do not intend to apply dough on the bottom of the room. Then you have to protect him. Use the crepe tape for this, since you will not be able to put newspaper or cardboard in the baseboards. This tip is only valid in cases where the footer will not be changed.

4. Sand the wall

Wall paper

With the sandpaper remove any dirt, mildew or imperfection. If part of the old paint comes loose, use the spatula to help remove it completely. Wear the goggles, because it is natural at this time to raise a lot of dust. Leave windows and doors open as well, to ventilate the environment.

If you are allergic to dust you can use the protection mask during this step.

5. Apply the sealant

How to Wall Out: Essential Step-by-Step Guide

The sealant is indicated to guarantee greater fixation and durability of the mass for wall. Apply everywhere you want to go. You can use the roller or a brush. Follow the manufacturer's instructions and wait for the drying time before applying the dough.

If you want to fit the wall, you do not have to worry about the sealer. Just go to the application.

6. Spatula and trowel


After the sealant is dry, take the spatula and remove some of the product from inside the can. Take it to the wall and apply. Then pass the trowel to spread and smooth the dough.

To avoid unevenness the tip is to go little by little, covering areas of 2 x 2 meters and then passing the trowel. The application should always be done from the bottom up or from the corners.

In some cases it may be necessary to apply a second coat of mass. Wait to dry the first (this time varies, check the instructions for use) and repeat the process. Even in case of renovations it is indicated to pass two hands of mass because this way it is guaranteed that you will get a smooth wall.

7. Roll

The roll can be very handy when spreading the dough on the wall. But it will be necessary to follow a step by step different from when the process is done with spatula and trowel.

First place the dough in a container similar to the one used for wall paint and mix a little water. The dough will be more creamy and the roll can apply it, as if it were an ink.

Pass the roll into the diluted dough, remove the excess and apply to the wall. It is recommended to start from the bottom up and then, when watering the roller again, repeat the process from top to bottom. The movements are the same as you would when painting the wall.

Then, while the dough is still damp, pick up the squeegee and go over the portion in which you went. You should pass smoothly, with the purpose of removing the excesses and leaving the wall smooth, without the need to sand or use the trowel afterwards. Clean the squeegee and repeat the process every time you apply the dough to the roll.

Wait for the dough to dry and apply the second coat - if need be. Just repeat the same process. The important thing is to let the first coat dry thoroughly, to avoid wall hangings and imperfections.

8. Plaster


The gypsum does not need a sealer, so if you choose, you can skip this step. First you must prepare the plaster, which comes in powder. Pour the packet into the bundle and place the indicated amount of water. On average it is from 1 liter to 1 kg. Then let stand for up to 10 minutes, so the plaster dissolves.

Mix part of the paste and then let it sit again for another 5 minutes. When the paste has the indicated consistency (check what the manufacturer says) it can already be applied to the wall.

The application is always done from top to bottom and you will use the PVC spreader to apply to the wall and the steel to leave the plaster flat. In the corners and quinas bet on the corner, to facilitate the service.

Before passing the dough, wet the walls. If gypsum is applied to the ceiling, the movements are back and forth and the PVC trowel should be used. If you need a second coat, you do not have to wait too long. Once you finish the first application of plaster you can already start the second one.

To remove the excess, use the squeegee, just as you would with the roll dough application. The steel trowel is then passed, in order to level and eliminate any imperfection, leaving the wall smooth.

One of the great advantages of gypsum is in the price more in account and in the practicality of application, easier when compared with the mass (race or acrylic).

As you can see, walling is easy and all you need to do is decide which material is most interesting for your home. Do not forget to buy everything that is necessary and to protect furniture and the floor. Surely this wall will gain a different and new touch!

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