How to Take Care of Succulents: 8 Essential Tips to Follow

The succulents are up and not for nothing. These plants are beautiful, delicate, great companions for those who like to have plants around the house and demand little care. They come from dry places and strong sunshine, as do cacti, and most of it fits well into small spaces like apartments.

It is not very difficult to take care of a succulent, so if you love plants, but do not have time to devote to them or lack certain skill in caring for green friends, invest in succulents.

Main characteristics of succulents


Succulents are plants that accumulate water in their leaves, because as we said earlier, they come from arid places, as well as cacti. So the main characteristic of this species is to have the leaves and stems very chubby and that is where the name "succulent" comes from.

Incidentally, here is a curiosity: did you know that every cactus is a succulent, but not all succulent is considered a cactus?

You can find them with foliages of different colors, shapes and textures and generally the arrangements and pots concentrate several species together. They like a lot of light and need little water, but some species prefer indirect light.

The shape of the leaves is what will set the amount of sun it needs. Separate leaves or unusual length means your plant needs more light. A healthy succulent is one that has the leaves always close together.

How to take care of succulents and essential care

1. The choice of vessel

The choice of pot

Avoid succulent planting directly on cachepots or bases without a hole in the bottom. To have a healthy plant that lasts for many years it is important to choose a potted vessel to facilitate the flow of water from each watering. Excess water will kill your plant. The cachepots are beautiful and can be used, just fit the pot inside them and it's all right! When doing the watering, remove the pot with holes from inside the cachepot so that the plant gets rid of excess water. Only then can you fit the pot into the cachepot again.

2. Watering

Juicy watering

In general, succulents require little watering, you can follow a simple pattern: in summer water once a week and in winter one to two times a month. Before watering, make sure the soil is dry. If it is humid, do not shower. To check it is simple, simply stick your finger or even a toothpick on the substrate. Avoid throwing water on the leaves as they may rot. Attention, too much water is death right for your little plant, be careful!

3. Brightness

Succulents prefer the morning sun and most of them need direct lighting. If you live in an apartment or in a place that has a low incidence of light, try to leave the plants in windows, balconies or any place where they can receive the maximum luminosity possible. Light is life for the succulents, so they will not survive in places like bathrooms, shelves and internal shelves.

4. Fertilizers

It is important to add nutrients to your plants regularly, the ideal period in the case of succulents is every 3 months. You can buy specific fertilizers at specialty stores like earthworm humus or other organic compost, or the Forth Cactos. Another option is to use crushed egg shell in the blender, the calcium will leave the leaves and stems sturdier.

5. Substrates

Substrate is basically the soil where you will plant your succulent. They fit best when you use fertilized soil mixed with washed building sand. The soil should be light, without clods to facilitate drainage.

6. Mounting the vessel

Mounting the vessel

When assembling the vase of a succulent you will prepare layers being that the first one must be made with pebbles, gravel, shards of tile or expanded clay. It will work as a drainage barrier. Cover the stones with a piece of blanket or TNT to hold the ground during the watering.

Above the blanket or the TNT goes the substrate and you will fit the seedlings in the way you think best. Treat them very carefully and delicately, they break easily and are very sensitive. Use a brush with very soft bristles to remove the dirt or dirt from the leaves and can sweeten the soil with care.

Many people finish succulent pots with white pebbles to make the arrangement more beautiful, but these pebbles do not do well for the plant. They are made of chopped marble and when wet, release a powder that will damage the plant over time. Decorate with natural toppings such as pine bark, for example.

7. Pruning

Succulents do not need pruning, but it is good to remove dead, dead or dying leaves so that it can always grow beautiful and healthy. They grow according to the space they have to develop, that is, plants kept in small pots remain small. Upon being transferred to larger vessels, the roots and leaves will consequently grow.

8. Seedlings

This little plant is very easy to "catch", so if you want to make new pots just create a kind of nursery for new seedlings from loose leaves stuck in the ground. It does not take long for each leaf to take root and become a new seedling ready to decorate a new arrangement.

As you can see, succulent plants are very versatile as well as beautiful and form arrangements full of charm that can turn into original gifts and please the delicacy of their leaves.

The best way to take good care of green friends is to keep an eye on the signs they are giving. If the leaves get elongated, growing up, it means that it needs more sun. If the leaves are missing, they need more water.

When you set up your pot, abuse your creativity! Mix colors and textures of foliage and use unusual objects like cachepots. Cups, cans, corks, any distinctive container will give an extra charm in your arrangement. Long live the succulents!

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