Growing flowers and plants at home is great for giving a more cheerful touch to the environment and having an activity to distract your head and relax. Did you even know that having contact with plants and the soil is recommended to relieve stress?
The good side of the story is that you do not need a gardening course to take care of some plants. If you have not yet decided which ones you want to have in your garden - or in your home - you can bet on bromeliads. They are very beautiful and not as difficult to care for when compared to flowers and other plants.
Find out what you need to do to take care of bromeliads and understand why it's worth cultivating them!
Why have them?
Bromeliads are beautiful easy to care for and adapt easily to any environment. You can grow them in the house or apartment and even in a smaller space will be able to grow them quietly.
There is also a wide variety of bromeliads. You can have more than one in your garden or flowerbed. Another great advantage of this plant is that it does not attract the dengue mosquito, one of the great villains of those who have pots at home.
How to care for bromeliads: vase or air
Who wants to have bromeliads in the apartment will probably opt for a pot to plant them. The same holds true for those who do not want to leave the plant in the garden. As the roots expand and bromeliads need plenty of water, it is best to bet on heavier pots such as clay pots.
The vase also can not be too large, to avoid excess moisture in the roots, which may end up leaving the plant sick. For both potting and direct planting of the soil, you should ensure that the base of the leaves does not come in direct contact with the soil.
The aerial bromeliads are sold next to a piece of wood. They should not be planted in the soil and survive trapped in other plants (orchid style). In this case the ideal is to have some plant that gets along well with the bromeliad, so you can leave them together.
How to care for bromeliads: luminosity and temperature
The brightness to which bromeliads should be exposed depends greatly on the variety of plant you bet to have at home. Some of them, usually those with greyish, spiny, reddish and silvery leaves, are very fond of the sun and can be exposed for longer.
Even those with soft, green or darker greens prefer to stay in the shade and enjoy less light throughout the day. They should catch the sun, but not be exposed all the time, but rather part of the day and preferably with moments of lighter sun.
As for temperature, because they are tropical plants, bromeliads like higher temperatures. If you live in colder regions, choose to leave them indoors and in warmer spaces.
How to take care of bromeliads: watering
As are tropical climate plants bromeliads like moist soils, but that does not mean that you must soak the vase in which the plant is. You should wet the area around the base of the plants and never directly the base. The ideal even is to add water directly into the tank or rosette.
In wetter regions watering can happen once or twice a week, while in drier climates and during the summer of three to four times a week.
On very hot days (temperatures over 30ºC) and with lower air humidity you can use a spray to splash some water directly on the leaves. Still, no exaggeration. The idea is to keep the plant moisture.
How to take care of bromeliads: solo
These plants may be a little more demanding on the soil, but nothing that will give much work. They like high content of organic nutrients and pH closer to neutral. You will need to fertilize the soil before planting your bromeliad. If you are going to put it in a pot, you should buy a soil substrate and not use the one you have in the garden.
Prepare a mixture of soil, sand, coconut fiber powder and earthworm humus. Most bromeliads live well in mixtures of soil, sand and coconut fiber. Most importantly, the substrate can retain water to help maintain the moisture that these plants so much enjoy.
If you bet on aerial bromeliads, prepare the soil of the main plant well, as your bromeliad feeds on it. You can follow the same tip, but first check the pH and the ideal substrate of the plant to which the bromeliad is attached.
Pruning and flowering
If your concern was pruning, be aware that bromeliads do not need it. The only thing indicated is the removal of the dried or damaged leaves, to give more vivacity to the plant and to allow it to continue developing.
Older plants that still produce seedlings can also be pruned, in order to give more light. Otherwise do not worry about pruning. Even the bromeliads will not rebuild the leaves you cut. So be careful with "aesthetic" prunings, just to leave the plant the way you want it.
As for flowering, it is interesting to know that bromeliads bloom only once in a lifetime and when they do so it is to generate new shoots and means that they will die next. The bud is lateral and replaces the plant that will soon die. Bromeliads only bloom when they reach maturity and this varies according to their type.
Some of them may bloom in a few months, while others may take years. In situations where the plant feels threatened - it is exposed to a very dry environment, for example - it may end up developing the flowers ahead of time. It is just a form of preservation.
How to take care of bromeliads: cares
To ensure that your bromeliads grow healthy, care needs to be taken, such as:
1. Avoid pesticides and fungicides
Plants are quite resistant to diseases and pests, so it is best not to use products like pesticides and fungicides. The most common pests that attack this type of plant are slugs and caterpillars, which can be easily removed by hand or with a small shovel. Use gardening gloves to remove the caterpillars.
If your bromeliad is attacked by fungi, make a homemade blend of coconut soap dissolved in water, and use a sponge on the leaves to remove them.
2. Observe air temperature and humidity
You already know that bromeliads are tropical plants. That is, they like warmth, but not from dry environments. Whether you plan indoors or out, you need to keep an eye on the temperature and humidity of the air. And if you choose to plant it in the garden, you need to take these items into consideration before planting.
If necessary, make more watering and sprinkle some water on the leaves. But remember to do this always after the sun has set or early in the morning. You do not want to burn the leaves of your bromeliad, do you?
3. Take care that the plant does not fall
Although they can be planted in all types of vases, the big problem of plastic is that as the plant grows (and heavier) there is a risk of the vase falling on the floor.
If you prefer this model of vase because of its better ability to retain moisture, leave the plant in a place where it can not fall or overturn. It is worth to surround the bromeliad with other vessels. This avoids the accident.
4. Place a high-cut saucer under the pot
Because they like the humidity, bromeliads need their saucer to always have a little water. But do not worry about the dengue mosquito. Just use a high-grade saucer or a tank and soil with plenty of organic matter.
Still, nothing to accumulate water or soaking the vegetable. Remember that your roots like moisture, but they can rot if they are always with water.
5. It is not necessary to change the water
When bromeliads have a tank or reservoir, it is not necessary to change their water. You should only add more water when you realize that you need to water the plant again.
6. Gradually make changes
If it is necessary to change your bromeliad from place, especially to a less or more sunny space, the ideal is to do it calmly. Even if you have noticed that the plant actually needs more light.
Sometimes you may not get the picture right that your bromeliad is one of those who likes sunshine enough - or those who prefer less brightness - and put it in the wrong place. But take it easy on the change. Bromeliads adapt to the few.
If the problem is brightness, start by putting the plant for a little more time exposed to the sun, but do not go immediately from 2 hours of sunshine to a full day.
Did you see how taking care of bromeliads is not a difficult task?