Saving electricity is important not only to save money and see this account weigh less in your pocket, but also to avoid problems such as lack of light and help in preserving the environment.
Nowadays, almost all the objects that we have in our house work on the basis of electricity. Either way, it's not an excuse to quit using everyone at the same time. The ideal is to focus only on what you really need.
Find out now how to save energy
It is important to be aware of the amount consumed each month. Look at the accounts and compare with the previous months. If you noticed that your account is increasing a lot, you can learn how to calculate your daily light consumption.
In the current month, go to your electric meter and note the current value. Then, decrease the reading made on the last account. The result will divide you by the number of days from the last reading to the current day.
For example, let's suppose that your reader currently ticks 20,437, the last reading was made 7 days ago, and the amount recorded in the account was 20,399. You will do the subtraction 20.437 - 20399 = 38. This result will be divided by 7, which is the number of days that have elapsed since the last reading. 38/7 = 5.43 KWh / day.
So in the current month, the average daily consumption of your house is 5.43 KWh.
To check if there has been a major change in the amount consumed daily, you can check how much light was used in the previous month. Just take the reading value and divide by the number of days.
For example, let's assume that the interval between the last two readings of your light bill was 29 days, the recorded value was 139 KWh. Just divide 139 by 29, you get the value of 4.79 KWh per day.
That is, taking into account our example, we observed an increase in the average daily consumption of electricity, which was 4.79 KWh / day to 5.43 KWh / day.
The ideal is to check if there has been a change of habit, for example: use the washing machine more during the week, leave some electrical appliance plugged in, change the shower head to hotter, etc. If no changes occurred in the month, consider doing a check on the wiring and breakers in the house.
Other ways to save energy
Now that you know how to check your daily electricity consumption, here's what you can do to save:
1. Changing habits
A few simple changes will already help to lower the value of your electric bill. Instead of washing a few clothes at a time on the machine, let it accumulate somewhat, so as to take advantage of its maximum capacity. The same is valid at the time of ironing, expect to have more pieces waiting to return to the wardrobe.
Make the most of natural light. Avoid turning on lights during the day, open windows and curtains and let the sun in. When opening the refrigerator, take all you need at once, and do not open and close the door.
Also keep the stove away from the refrigerator, since one has the function and to warm up and the other to freeze. Leaving them side by side runs the risk of causing the refrigerator to draw more energy, to keep everything refrigerated.
As for the shower, take faster baths and use the "winter" wrench only when it is very cold. Alternatively, keep the device as long as possible in the "summer" option, which consumes less electricity.
2. Use of efficient equipment
Whenever possible try to update household appliances. The most modern versions are focused on energy saving and always come with a label, indicating their consumption.
Refrigerators, stoves, air conditioners and even washing machines are already found as consumption level A, Procel's seal of Inmetro, considered the most efficient and least expensive.
Also take care of showers, computers, televisions and even with mobile phones. The more efficient, the less energy you will consume and you will notice this in your electric bill.
3. Changes in lighting
The lighting of the house is also important and small changes already help to reduce the values of the light bill. Try installing solar panels to take advantage of solar energy. You may not be able to keep all the electricity in the house with what you get from the panels, but you can already use less energy you receive from the utility company.
During the day, keep lamps, lamps and lamps off. Make the most of natural light. To do this, simply open the curtains and windows of the house. Also bet on the light colors for your walls, they reflect natural light and avoid the use of light bulbs any longer.
Lastly, be sure to replace all of the light bulbs in your home with more efficient models. Incandescent models are the ones that consume the most electricity, but the good news is they are out of use and you hardly find them to sell.
If you still have any of these bulbs at home, switch to halogen, fluorescent or LED versions - the latter last longer and consume very little of the household electricity.
4. General care
Other general care is important to reduce electricity consumption. These are basic things, but they make all the difference, like:
5. Unplug appliances from the wall outlet.
While in use, appliances can - and should - be plugged into household outlets. After you have finished using them, unplug them and unplug them. The reason? A switched-off TV, but still plugged in - in the so-called "stand-by" - continues to consume power.
The same holds true for notebooks and mobile phone chargers. Once the charge is complete, unplug them from the outlet.
The only appliances that should always be kept connected are the refrigerator - because it needs to be refrigerating all the time - the cordless phone - because it does not touch and it fulfills its functions without the electricity - and the microwave, that can spoil if you stay in that "on-off" of the outlets.
It is worth mentioning that this attitude also prevents the devices from spoiling in the event of an electric discharge.
6. Beware of the "T" or Benjamins
Connecting more than one device to the same outlet seems like a very practical option, especially in homes where so many outlets are not found in the same environment. Either way, it's best to avoid using the "T's" or benjamins.
They do not increase electricity consumption, as previously believed, but can cause accidents. Especially when you connect several benjamins in the same outlet.
The idea is to take advantage of only the sockets available in one of them or use them for adapters, to fit the modern models of the cables of the appliances. So, plug in at most three devices in one "T" and take care that none of them pull too much energy.
If an overload occurs you run out of power and still run the risk of causing a short circuit - and even a fire if the premises are older.
7. Well-sized electrical circuits
Another caution that can not be ignored is with the electrical circuits of the house. While renovating or building, choose cables and circuit breakers that fit and can be used for many years.
Also avoid splicing the wires. Nothing to pick up a short wire and plug into another short wire and so on, using connectors or insulation tape. This increases the power consumption by the wiring. Prefer to use single wires that reach the breakers.
Bet on cables that are thicker because they can withstand more electrical current and avoid unnecessary heating of the wiring - not to mention the risk of melting the wire and having a problem with the exchange. In the case of shower wires care is even more important, they should withstand more electric current.
Circuit breakers are important not only for ensuring safety by allowing you to turn off the electric current for part of the house but also to determine how much power the wires can pass through. Single circuit breaker for the shower is ideal, plus it should have larger capacity. In case of overload, the circuit-breakers switch off automatically, avoiding more serious accidents.
8. Proper water heating
Anyone who has water heating system also needs to stay tuned. You should always check that everything is working properly, taking care of the time it takes for the water to warm up.
The ideal is to set the correct temperature of the water in the heater and not leave it too high to then regulate with the cold water. Instead of setting 50 degrees or more on the set, set to an average temperature that is good for everyone in the family.
Now you already know how you can save electricity in your home and bonus still learned how to measure your daily consumption and compare with that of previous months.
Make sure you always check that the electrical appliances in the house do not need to be replaced because they are too old.