The laminate flooring has long since become the darling of renovations and renovations of environments, as it is quite sturdy, easy to install and costs far less than a hardwood floor.
This material is also very versatile because some of them are suitable not only for homes, but also for high traffic environments such as gyms, shops and malls. Have you decided on laminate flooring but do not know how to install it? So follow our article today with tips and guidelines from how to put laminate flooring :
What is laminate?
The laminate flooring is a floating floor made of wooden slats in varying widths and lengths with finishes and colors of the most diverse. It is floating because it is not nailed nor glued to the subfloor, its installation is done on a blanket.
The main characteristics of laminate flooring and its main benefits is that it is a natural wood product coated with a resin film of high strength, low porosity that prevents liquid absorption, easy maintenance at the time of cleaning and high durability .
Each floor blade is composed of 4 layers: the swing, the substrate, the decorative laminate and the overlay. The balance is the lower part of the floor, responsible for the stability of the blades and the resistance of the product to humidity.
The substrate is the main part usually made of high density plywood, quite resistant to impacts and is where the fittings are. The decorative blade is made of cellulose and is what gives the color and texture of the floor. It can be printed on a wooden film, depending on the line chosen.
And, finally, the overlay that is nothing more than a film applied on the decorative laminate and that confers protection against scratches and scratches.
Types of Laminate Flooring
1. Laminated wood flooring
This type of laminate flooring is usually used in apartments and houses. The blades range from 7 to 9mm thick, average width of 21cm and length in the range of 1.36m. These dimensions are not standardized, each manufacturer can display floors in different formats.
2. High traffic laminate floor
This type of floor is indicated for environments with high circulation of people like stores, academies and malls. Its main feature is an even greater resistance than the laminate over wear. The amount of colors and textures is as large as the wood laminate and the installation is the same.
Main advantages of laminate flooring
- Easy maintenance : the laminate floor is very easy to clean, just a damp cloth and you remove most stains and dirt;
- Easy installation : the blades were designed with male-female type fittings facilitating the installation;
- Reduced cost : compared to the hardboard floors (hardwood), the laminate gets much cheaper;
- Friend of the environment : laminate flooring is made from reforestation wood, so there is no risk to the environment;
- Extended warranty : Most manufacturers offer at least 10 years warranty;
- High resistance : laminate floors will hardly present problems like infestation by termites, since they are already produced with components that remove this type of pest;
How to Install Laminate Flooring: Installation
Get to know the materials you need, what to do before you begin, and the step-by-step guide on how to put laminate flooring:
1. Materials needed
- Laminate floor in the amount needed to cover the floor surface. This type of material is sold per square meter, make the calculation before purchasing the material;
- Plain blanket for cemented underlayments or non-ground floor apartments. Ventilated rug for wood, stone, ceramic or vinyl floors. Acoustic blanket for non-ground floors and apartments that need noise reduction;
- 1.5cm spacers;
- Profile T to be installed in all doorways and every 8sqm, floor-wall profile that can be used as an alternative to the baseboard, angles to be installed next to built-in cabinets or masonry furniture;
- Glue for baseboards;
- Scotch tape;
- Circular saw;
- Rubber hammer;
- Headless nails;
2. Before you begin
- Before beginning the installation of the floor, 24 hours before, keep the floor at room temperature, in a horizontal position and on a flat surface.
- Make sure the subfloor is clean and level.
3. Step-by-step to put laminate flooring
- Install the appropriate blanket to the subfloor type. It must always be placed in the opposite direction to the positioning of the blades. Leave about 1cm left over behind the baseboards or in the corners of the walls. Use the tape to join the pieces of the blanket;
- Place the spacers along the wall to allow sufficient space for floor expansion;
- Begin to install the blades parallel to the wider wall of the room. The first blade should be with the male fitting side facing the wall;
- Go to the blade by blade and always keep an eye on if the wood pattern is in sequence;
- When you finish the row, you may need to adjust the length of the final blade. Cut it with the decorative side down and the cut side facing the wall;
- When starting the second row, use a half cut blade. Place it at a 30-degree angle and go down to fit it and continue this way until the end of the installation;
- Fix the blades by gently hammering the ends and closing the grooves. Use a stop block and do not use the hammer directly on the blades;
- When installing the last row of blades, you may have to adjust the width size of the entire row. If necessary, measure and cut each blade with the saw;
- Finally, remove the spacers, fasten the baseboards to the wall with glue and nails without a head. Fit the appropriate profiles to each corner of the wall.
How to Put Laminate Flooring: Important Tips
- You can improvise your own spacers and save on this stuff. Simply create spacers that are 5 to 10mm thick, are cut in L-shape and have a length of at least 30cm;
- Do not forget to remove the spacers when you have finished installing all the blades;
- It is good to have someone along with you and to be responsible for observing how the assembly is, if there is any difference or defect;
- It is important to start the second, third and other rows always in the middle of the front row blade to take advantage of more blades and to make the ground more resistant. This technique also makes it difficult for people to see the floor joints when it is finished;
- Always wear protectors such as goggles and gloves to avoid cutting yourself when handling chainsaws or stilettos or when hammering;
- Do not install laminate floors in wet areas like bathrooms, saunas, laundromats or kitchens, it is not resistant to excess moisture;
- Put felt pads under heavy furniture, table tops and chairs to prevent scratches or damage to the floor;
- To clean your floor, simply use a soft broom or vacuum cleaner. For deeper cleaning use a damp cloth in a little water and non-abrasive cleaning product.
So what did you think? Do you think you can install your laminate flooring alone or with the help of friends?