Do you know about works made in patchwork? We love this technique and we are sure you will too. The stripped-down style of this type of craft has surfaced and is a trend in decoration.
Find out today how to patchwork step by step:
What is patchwork?
Patchwork is a technique where pieces and cutouts of fabrics with different patterns come together to form geometric figures and a unique composition.
The literal translation of the term patchwork is patchwork work and the drawn designs can be geometric shapes, people, animals, landscapes and whatever else your imagination commands.
In general, a piece of patchwork is composed of three parts: the top, the filling and the lining and the final work is when these three layers are joined, overlapping, forming a single component.
The top is the top of the work, where the flaps are sewn into each other forming the figures. Filling is the material used to give volume to the work of patchwork, usually using acrylic blanket to fill the works. The lining is the fabric that goes underneath the work and that is used to give a more beautiful finish.
The three layers are joined by stitches that, in the case of this technique, are called quilt. The quilt is nothing more than a continuous drawing of stitches made with the sewing machine. To make the work even more elegant you can make the quilt in the shape of arabesques, hearts and several other shapes.
What you can create with this technique:
- Photo albums;
- Cup cloths;
- Kitchen mats;
- Bedspreads for bed;
- American game;
Materials needed to start your work in patchwork:
- Patchwork of fabrics with various patterns;
- Ruler or tape measure;
- Sewing machine;
- Needle and thread;
- Fabric for lining;
- Round cutters;
- Cutting base.
Give preference to 100% cotton fabrics and we recommend that they be washed before being used in craftwork.
How to patchwork: step-by-step to work out your first job
- If you've never used this technique, the first step is to look for models, look at ready-made parts, do a research paper to define which part you want to produce. If possible visit handicraft fairs, touch the pieces and feel the finishes and appliques so that you have a clear idea of what you are going to elaborate;
- Then separate the materials needed for the workpiece. Try to start with something simpler, straight, and without much detail. Dish cloths, bedspreads and pillows are good choices as they do not have many folds;
- Choose the fabrics you will wear, measure and cut several squares of each pattern in the same size. In order for the finish to look beautiful, you must make straight cuts well and measure all the squares very well;
- Cut a few squares in larger size and others in smaller size to assemble your mosaic;
- Cut the filler in the same size and shape as the fabric. Use thinner acrylic blanket if you want a less cuddly patchwork;
- Put together different patterns so that the drawing is fun and sew the seams by sewing. To make your work easier, start by stitching the fabric together four by four;
- Behind each flap of fabric, go one square of acrylic plaid, so you'll always sew two layers with two more layers side by side, leaving a small leftover inside;
- Once your work reaches the desired size it is time to put the liner in the back. You can use any type of fabric, the important thing is that it covers the seams.
Sew the edge trim to finish the job and you already have your first patchwork on hand!
How to do quilting
The quilting is that stitching that joins the three layers of the patchwork forming designs and leaving your creation even more elegant. The quilting leaves the piece firm and full of reliefs, which is not very pleasant for parts that will have direct contact with the body.
Avoid using excess quilting when producing bedding and bath products, or if you are making baby or infant items.
This is a finish you need to train hard to get the hang of, so start slowly as you feel more confident and after working with various patchwork shapes.
You will need a special shimler for your sewing machine that leaves the movements free and allows you to sew in any direction without having to keep turning the job. This shoe will allow you to sew zigzag, wavy, and shaped like snakes and many others.
The straight quilting is made with another calçador that helps to give greater precision to the work without having to make risks directing the seam.
Use special lines to make this finish. The embroidery lines are great options, because they have very vibrant and bright colors. And to give more prominence to the work, invest in lines that contrast with the color of the fabric.
The first step is to fish the line. You hold the top line and lower the needle until you can pull up the bottom line by pulling it back. We do this so you can pull the two lines and tie a knot hiding it inside the work.
Follow the dash of the drawing you have selected and train hard until you get the hang of it.
Golden Tips for the Perfect Patchwork
Before you start sewing the flaps it is good to test the stitches that you will be using and the tension of the seam to make sure that it will stay exactly as you wish. It is common to use small stitches so that the pieces do not come off easily.
Be careful with the prints chosen for your work, as some fabrics will release paint at the time of the wash and may jeopardize its creation. Raw cotton fabrics can also loosen a dark water in the wash, attention!
For beginners in the world of sewing, a valuable tip is to baste the pieces before making the final seam. Doing this helps a lot when ironing the fabric in the machine as it holds everything in place.
The quilting can be done by hand, just a little training and the use of markers that help you to form the patterns to be sewn. Incidentally, American patchworks still use this manual technique a lot.
Patchwork is a craft work that uses many mathematical concepts. To help visualize your work and cut the flaps correctly, use a checkerboard. Draw your design first on the checkerboard and then go about arranging the cuts on the fabrics.
Video tutorial on how to do patchwork for beginners
50 patchwork ideas to inspire your manual work
Picture 1 - Super colored bands in the linen of bed.
Picture 2 - Bag for snacks with patchwork.
Picture 3 - Patchwork to make notebook cover.
Picture 4 - Beautiful bib with details in patchwork.
Picture 5 - Carpet with patchwork.
Picture 6 - Rectangular American game with central area in patchwork.
Picture 7 - Decorative pillows with patchwork.
Picture 8 - Bag with patchwork.
Picture 9 - You can apply the technique even in women's shoes.
Picture 10 - Pulls super charming bag or packaging with patchwork.
Picture 11 - For the children: Indian cabaninha also worked with patchwork.
Image 12 - Stylized bathroom rug.
Picture 13 - Bedside inspired by the patchwork.
Image 14 - Chicken dishcloth with patchwork.
Picture 15 - Case / objects holder with fabric.
Picture 16 - Charles Eames chair with patchwork.
Image 17 - Fabric quilt with patchwork.
Picture 18 - Decorated pull-bags.
Picture 19 - Comfortable cushions.
Image 20 - American game with oriental style patchwork.
Picture 21 - Wallet of feminine fabric with patchwork.
Image 22 - Christmas decoration with patchwork.
Image 23 - Inspiration patchwork for wall
Picture 24 - Yellowfin in cloth worked with patchwork.
Picture 25 - Pull bag to put in the kitchen with patchwork.
Image 26 - Comics with elephant patchwork.
Image 27 - Children's bag decorated.
Image 28 - Stylized headphone with patchwork.
Image 29 - Inspiration patchwork for wallpaper.
Picture 30 - Fabric for party table with patchwork.
Picture 31 - Small feminine bag with patchwork (incredible).
Picture 32 - Sofa fabric with patchwork.
Picture 33 - To decorate your table.
Image 34 - Mesh / sweater with patchwork.
Image 35 - Wooden tray with patchwork base.
Image 36 - Baby shoes with patchwork.
Image 37 - Colorful Baby Bedspread / Sheet.
Picture 38 - Another model of colored cushion.
Picture 39 - Pillows with patchwork.
Picture 40 - Hand protector for pot with patchwork.
Image 41 - To decorate your bag.
Picture 42 - Neclace with patchwork.
Picture 43 - For the decoration of afternoon tea.
Image 44 - Mural / decorative frame in patchwork fabric.
Picture 45 - Fabric for chair seat with patchwork.
Image 46 - Delicate cell phone sleeve worked with patchwork.
Image 47 - Covers of custom cushions with patchwork.
Image 48 - Table top with patchwork.
Image 49 - Travel / travel bag with patchwork.
Image 50 - Inspiration patchwork to decorate a wall.
Did you like the tips today? If you want to start doing patchwork, keep in mind that you do not have to go out buying everything we put in the bill of materials. Buy the basics and go training, taking practice. As you evolve, invest in more work materials.
And, finally, look at the patchwork as a form of leisure, relaxation, a way out of the routine and the chaos of everyday life. To the next!