Mold is a species of fungus that develops through spores that are circulating in the air. They find an environment conducive to developing in hot and humid places where there is no good air circulation or where there is little light.
These fungi can cover various types of surfaces such as furniture, clothing, shoes, books, decorative objects and even walls. And there are many reasons why walls can be covered with mildew: internal or external plumbing leaks, air conditioning tubing, or excess moisture that has not been properly insulated.
Mold and mold (another type of fungus) are great enemies of health. The spores produced by it spread through the air and can aggravate cases of asthma, cause respiratory allergies and transmit bacteria that cause serious infections.
Elderly, children and pregnant women suffer even more while living in an environment that has mold and mildew, as it often not only aggravates existing problems but can cause more serious problems like pneumonia and severe anemia.
Symptoms such as headaches, fatigue, and frequent mood swings may be signs that mold is causing health problems in the home's residents. To avoid this kind of situation you need to stop mold spots as soon as they appear.
How to fight mold on the walls
Depending on the severity of the problem and the origin of the fungus, you may need the help of a trained professional. If they are forming because of a leak in the plumbing, for example, it will not do any good to clean the wall, as the mold spots will come back for sure.
To find out if the stains that are formed on the wall are actually caused by fungi, make a simple test: apply a little bleach on the dark spots, if the stain lightens quickly, you have mold on the wall. If it does not lighten, it's just dirt.
If you already know that this is not an infiltration or problem that requires an adjustment done by a specialized professional, then just follow our tips to get the mold and mildew points on your wall.
How to get mold out of the wall: Materials Needed
If the problem is located in a restricted area, use the following materials:
- Rubber gloves;
- Bristle with hard bristles or sponge;
- Wet cloth;
- Solution of water and bleach.
Step by step to clean the mold spots on the walls
- Open the windows well to ventilate the room and let the light in;
- Put protective items such as rubber gloves, goggles and mask, as bleach has a strong odor and can cause allergies or respiratory problems;
- Inside the bucket make a mixture of water with bleach, and the ratio should be 1/3 of bleach to one part of water;
- With the brush or sponge spread and rub the solution on the wall over the moldy spots;
- To finish, rinse with a damp cloth and then dry thoroughly to remove moisture;
Other home remedies
It is not only bleach that is effective in combating mold on walls. Check out the homemade tricks that allow you to remove stains easily from any environment:
1. White vinegar
White vinegar is a joker in house cleaning. Always keep a vial of vinegar in the dispenser to eliminate odors and remove stubborn stains. It has antibacterial and antifungal properties. Put a glass of white vinegar in a spray bottle, without diluting it in water and apply on stained walls. Leave on for a few minutes and then wipe with a damp cloth. Repeat the process until all the mold has been removed.
2. Hydrogen peroxide
Oxygenated water, having antibacterial and bleaching properties is a great option to remove mold stains from the walls. Use the product undiluted by applying directly to the dark spots on the wall and let it act for 15 minutes. Rub with a stiff bristle brush or sponge and repeat the process until all of the mildew has been removed.
Alcohol is also a powerful anti fungal product and you can use both the liquid and gel versions. Spread a good amount on the stained walls and let it act for 10 minutes. Wipe with a sponge or damp cloth and repeat the process until the entire wall is clean.
Borax is a product that does not emit toxic gases and also works as a deodorizer, besides being antifungal. Mix 2 tablespoons of borax, ¼ cup of vinegar and 2 cups of hot water in a spray bottle and apply to the affected areas. Wipe with a damp cloth or sponge and dry the wall thoroughly.
In some cases cleaning is not enough. If the mold is heavily impregnated on the wall or if the paint is peeling, it will be necessary to scrape to remove all of the affected area, sand and prepare the wall for a new paint. In this case, use a special formula paint that is waterproof or anti-mildew to prevent the problem from appearing again.
- Always clean the mold as soon as you notice its appearance, as this will prevent it from increasing and affecting a larger area, creating risks to your health and your family;
- When doing one of the homemade formulas described above, always test the cleaning solution in a small area to make sure it will not damage the paint or the material on your wall;
- Always try to find the origin of the mold before cleaning, as the root problem must be solved or the spots will appear again;
- Never spray paint directly on the mold without cleaning as it will cross the new paint layer and will stain the wall again.
Mold cleaning is essential to ensure not only the beauty of the environment in which you live but also to avoid possible health problems in those who live in this environment, so do not let the problem get worse, attack the mold in any way possible.