How to Crochet: Tips for Beginners and Step by Step

The crochet has already been seen as something only the grandmas did. Today is considered crafts and many people are willing to learn the most diverse points to make crochet rugs and various handmade pieces using the material.

The cool thing of all is that crocheting helps to distract and also relieve stress, which can be great for those who need to find an activity to relax a bit.

Not to mention that there are several points that can be practiced, working not only with the hands but also encouraging the head to learn more about the technique. Here's why crochet can be recommended for people who are stressed or anxious.

If you want to learn how to crochet , but have no idea where to start, check out these tips that will explain to you from the types of needle to the points used in this technique of crafts:

Types of Needles and Lines

Crochet needles

There are several types of needles and threads. And yes, the choice of one is directly related to the other. Depending on the thickness of the yarn, a thicker needle is needed, and for finer yarns you can invest in the finer needles.

Crochet needles can be made of wood, plastic, steel, aluminum, colored aluminum and even rubberized cable. The choice of needle style goes a lot with the person and is at your discretion.

Already sizes vary from 0.5mm to 10mm and the choice of needle size will depend on the type of craftwork you intend to do. Some pieces require thicker lines or more open stitches while others require finer lines.

For those who are starting it is interesting to bet on thinner lines, because they are easier to work with. So choose your line and check the packaging for which needle size is most appropriate.

A cool tip for those who still do not have firmness when making stitches is to work with a slightly thicker thread and a slightly thinner needle. This way you will make tighter points.

Types of points and their abbreviations


Crochet can be made with several stitches, but every design always starts with the simplest of them, which is the chain.

Now learn a little more about each type of simple point used in this manual work, remembering that if you are starting in this art, the ideal is to learn the basic points well then to know the most complex:

1. Correntinha - corr

They are used in virtually every crochet job - it's how you start what you want to do - and they're pretty easy to do.

Those who are learning can start by making only points in the chain until they can be neither too tight nor too loose.

To do you should start with a movable knot at the tip of the needle. Then thread the thread on the needle and pull inside the knot. Go repeating the step until you will have in hand a "chain". Which justifies the name of the point.

At this point, also learn how to count the number of points you want to have in your work. For a test, start by making 10 chain points.

2. Low Point - Pbx

It is used in the finalization of parts or to reinforce edges. Very similar to the running point, with the difference that you should put the needle in a chain and then give a loop.

Pull this loop through the two chains, the one where you put the needle and the one that was on the needle before.

It would be a way to connect two pieces made in a chain point. When making a second row of "chains", the piece then has the lowest point.

3. Low Point - Pb

It is ideal for parts that need to be firmer, such as crochet rugs. To do so, simply wrap the yarn inside the point at the base and not just at the point on the needle.

First make two strings and then place the needle inside the second box. Wrap the thread on the needle and pull inside the box. Loop the needle back through the other two houses, leaving only one point on the needle.

4. High Point - Pa

Indicated for parts with a softer fabric. It is a more open point in relation to the low.

To do so you must wrap the yarn around the needle, count three stitches, give a loop, put the needle on the fourth stitch, pull the thread. You will have three stitches on the needle.

Take out the first two, give a loop and pull the last two.

These are the basic points, most suitable for those who are beginning to learn the crochet. But there are also other points that require a little more technique like the point candle, the secret point, the love point, hive point, x point and the zigzag stitch.

What you will need to do crochet

Crocheting materials

The needle and the thread are the minimum you will need to crochet. But you should also keep other materials close, such as:

  • Scissors to cut the thread.
  • Tape measure to measure the part and the size of the initial chain.

Tips for who is starting


Get to know the main essential tips for crochet beginners :

  1. Before you make the part you want, work on a test piece so that you get used to the chosen point.
  2. Prefer slightly larger needles at the beginning, such as 2.5mm and finer lines. So you can learn well how to make each point.
  3. If you feel too much trouble with the crochet yarn, you can try and gain practice with a medium needle and a knitting line.
  4. Practice the chain point quite a bit before moving on to the other basics.
  5. When you feel you have more practice, train the low and the high point.
  6. Prefer single-colored lines while learning because they are easier to work with.
  7. Besides the abbreviations of points, it is interesting to know others such as: sp, which means space; pq which means point; rep, which means repeat; ult, last; and sec, below.

Tutorial and tips for video beginners

To facilitate your understanding, we separated the video from the JNY Crochê channel with a special class for beginners in the theme. Watch below:

Now you know how to crochet ! Take line and needle and get to work!

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