Orchids are flowers that fit well in any environment. Whether in the backyard, in a vase in your living room or office or even in a place especially dedicated to them.
The fact is that these flowers have several species and are not so difficult to take care of, so much that they adapt both in pots and planted directly in your garden.
To help you in this task of understanding more about these flowers, we have separated some tips that will ensure that You can take care of orchids without suffering. !
Types of Orchids
It is worth mentioning that there are more than 50 thousand species of orchids, of which an average of 3.5 thousand are here in Brazil.
These species are divided into more common types and the best known is the Phalaenopsis , which almost everyone has had at home or at least has ever seen!
Besides the Phalaenopsis , there are also the Dendrobium , Oncidium , Vanda , Cattleya and Denphal . Each of these orchids adapts better to a space and requires different care.
Orchids for garden or yard
At Oncidium fit well both indoors and in the garden. They are great for those who want to give a special touch to the decoration of the environment - or the garden itself. They are easy to grow and care for.
At Vanda have aerial roots, so it is interesting that they are planted in the garden or in the yard. They love light and airy environments, which reinforces the idea of keeping them out of the house.
At Cattleya compete with Phalaenopsis by the attention of Brazilians, being among the most wanted and sought after orchid types. They are easy to grow, adapt well to any environment and can be kept in the garden or yard or pots indoors or in the apartment.
Orchids in house or apartment
At Phalaenopsis they like shade and heat, which means they will adapt better if they are potted indoors or in the apartment, away from the sun, but in a place that is warmer for them.
The Dendrobium, because they need constant watering, will also adapt better to the pots and the cultivation in the house. They are easy to care for, but it is interesting that they are in a place that makes them always remembered.
The Denphal are derived from a species of Dendrobium orchids, which means they have similar characteristics and also survive better indoors, grown in pots.
Types of pots to grow orchids
Orchids that are grown inside the house or apartment do not require any special vases. They fit well in any type of vessel. From plastic to ceramic.
Still, when choosing the best type of pot it is interesting to take into account the species chosen, the climate of the region in which you live, the substrates you want to use and also the time you will have to devote to plant care.
Plastic vases retain more moisture, so if you live in a more humid region and chose a species of orchid that does not need as many watering, opt for ceramic vases.
Fertilizers and substrates for orchids
The soil is not the most recommended substrate for orchid cultivation, since its roots usually need more space and may even be aerial. Thus, the most recommended is to use pine bark, xaxins, perlite and even a mixture of various substrates.
Mixing is recommended when you are in doubt about which substrate would work best and Phalaenopsis and with the Cattleya . In addition to being able to make your own mix of substrates, there is also the option to buy ready to plant your orchids.
Regarding the ideal fertilizer for orchids, it is best to use NPK 20-20-20, which can be used once a week and should be placed on both the leaves and the plant substrate.
How To Care For Orchids: 5 Tips You Should Not Ignore
Some types of orchids like enough light, others prefer that the lightness is lower. Always pay attention to what your orchid adapts best.
Those who have plants indoors can leave them near the windows - in case they like light enough - or in a place that does not get as much sun.
The temperature of the region in which you live - and also the space chosen to maintain the orchids, will indicate the best pot and substrate you should use and also how the flower's watering will work.
The ideal is that in regions with higher temperatures you choose vessels that hold the moisture longer and make more frequent watering. Already in cold and humid regions, bet on ceramic pots and prefer to water less often, often just spraying water on the plant.
Orchid watering will depend on the type and species chosen and also on the region in which you live. If you choose orchids that require more watering, be sure to always take the time to take care of the plants.
One tip to find out if the flower needs to be watered is to check how the substrate is. Ideally it should be slightly moist - in the case of orchids that do not need as much water - or rather humid in the case of those who ask for more watering.
So you can find out just when is the right time to water the plant. Do not forget also that the best time for watering is always at dawn or late afternoon, when the heat and sun are weaker.
4. Air circulation
Orchids like well-ventilated environments, so it's interesting that you leave them next to windows when you choose to grow them in your home or apartment.
A very muffled place can hinder the growth of the plant and even contribute to it to become weaker and develop some kind of pest.
5. Beware of pests
Plants that are grown in the garden or yard are more likely to suffer from pest attacks. Still, this can also happen in the case of orchids grown in pots.
It is necessary to pay attention to the presence of any animal, such as slugs, snails and some species of ants, that will feed on the leaves of the plant. In addition, the most common plague of orchids is the aphid.
Insecticides can help solve most pests, in addition to plant care.
Now you know how to grow and care for orchids . Start your orchid garden today!