If you need to learn how to care for fern because you want to grow it in your home, follow our post with the best tips right now. You will understand how to care for fern in and out of the house. Check out!
How to care for fern indoors?
The fern is a plant with a tropical climate and grows in the forests, mainly in the humid regions. But that does not stop you from growing it indoors, as it easily adapts to places in low light and does not require much maintenance.
Choose a suitable place to accommodate it
The fern should be placed in a shady environment, but can not fail to receive light rays in a gentle way. Therefore, the most suitable place to grow it is near the window. Just be aware to keep it away from the windows that are east or west because they receive high incidence of sunlight. Prefer the windows facing south or north.
Choose the ideal vessel
Prefer to place the fern in a plastic pot, since the clay does not hold so much moisture that is what it needs most. If you want to increase the humidity of the place, use two pots or place a humidifier in place.
If you are going to use two vessels:
- They need to be of different sizes;
- Take a moss and moisten it with water;
- Then place it inside a larger pot;
- After that, place the smaller vessel inside;
- Use the rest of the moist moss to cover the top of the soil and the edge of the larger pot;
- Do this every two or three days to always leave it moist.
Maintain frequent temperature
The temperature of your home needs to be close to 21 °, since the ferns are not created in cold environments below 15 °. If you live in the climate below this temperature, you need to find ways to raise the temperature.
A good tip is to place the plant inside the bathroom because it is one of the most humid places in the house. If you have an electric shower, better still because the heat helps to raise the temperature of the environment.
Water the fern constantly
As previously mentioned, ferns should be grown in humid environments and the soils must also be moist. So you need to water it every day, but do it slowly.
Avoid watering the fern at all times so as not to soak it. This same procedure must be done with the soil. Make sure it is not filled with water, but only moist.
Soak the ferns regularly
To fertilize the ferns you will need to find a good fertilizer. To do this, look for some gardening centers to buy a homemade plant fertilizer. You need to specify that the species is the fern.
Afterwards, you should apply it monthly on the ferns so that they receive the necessary nutrients that are not provided in the planting. However, you will need to wait about six months after planting in the pot to start fertilizing it.
Be sure to prune the ferns when necessary
It is not because they are indoors that ferns are not exposed to disease. Although they are resistant, if they are not in humid environments, some diseases may appear.
If this occurs, cut off areas that appear to be damaged. If she is not being cared for, she may die. At this point, you need to use pruning shears to remove the damaged part. However, if the entire plant appears to be sick, it is best to remove it from the environment to prevent the disease from spreading to other plants.
Transplant the ferns after one year
As the fern is a fast growing plant, it is capable of exceeding the size of the pot. To avoid this, the ideal is to transplant the fern into a larger vessel. Before doing so, you need to observe the health of the plant. However, after six months you will need to transplant anyway.
How to care for fern in the garden or yard?
Taking care of a fern in your yard or garden turns out to be simpler than doing it indoors. Even so, you will need some care. See the procedures that should be done.
Keep the fern soil always moist
If you live in a region that does not rain too much and you do not water the ferns daily, they run the risk of getting sick and even dying. So water the ferns to leave the soil always moist.
To help conserve moisture and make the air more humid, make use of pine or humus leaves and add on the fern leaves. This will also help the plant look more colorful.
Do not stop fertilizing the ferns
Every fern needs to be fertilized. However, the correct thing is to do this only six months after it has been planted. In this way, the fern will grow much faster and in a healthy way.
When choosing a fertilizer, prefer the organic spray. But before applying it, follow all the instructions on the packaging. You can even add a thin layer of compost and use it to place humus on the soil. This helps to improve the growth environment for the ferns.
Cut the fern in cases of diseases
Natural fern predators are slugs and some very rare diseases. That is why you will hardly have to prune it. However, if you notice that the leaves are diseased or damaged, cut the diseased part with pruning shears.
In this way, the fern will remain intact, preventing the disease from spreading to other plants. Remember that this procedure is essential if the fern is having some disease. If you do not do this, you can die completely.
Transplant only when needed
Ferns grow a lot and may bother with time, depending on the space in which they are being grown. So divide the ferns and transplant them.
- A large fern should be divided into several smaller ferns;
- To do this, try to dig your roots;
- Now separate the plants in some parts;
- To finish it is just to replant each fern and water them very well.
More tips on fern care
- As the ferns grown indoors need to be very careful, avoid putting them in air-conditioned environments and also close to elements that can dry them;
- Ferns are reputed to be immortal, but some care is needed. So, go and test their location in your home until you see where they are best suited;
- To remove pests from ferns, it is best to remove them with your own hands, as it is not recommended to use pesticides on ferns;
- You can also spray smoke syrup to ward off aphids and mites;
- Avoid positioning the fern in the direction of the sunlight because it makes it fade and darken;
- Prefer to prune the ferns between the months of May to July, since they need annual pruning;
- But if the leaves are diseased or dead, they must be eliminated immediately;
- The ferns are great for decorating events, earning highlights at wedding tables;
- If you put the ferns in vertical gardens , they become more beautiful if arranged side by side;
- In indoor environments, it is best to cultivate fern-havana. Put it in a pot and leave it on the table;
- The ferns can also be fixed to the ceiling or placed under the roof. Just be careful, as the ferns do not like excess wind;
- Ferns usually last from five to ten years;
- As they release enough water, the ferns help control the temperature in very hot environments;
- Ferns also help improve air quality.
- Now that you have learned how to care for fern, you have realized that although it is a simple plant, it does require some essential care. So choose where you plan to grow it and make your home environment even more beautiful.