Cacti are plants that attract a legion of fans because they are species that are easy to care for and look very beautiful and different. With their popularization and easy adaptation it is common to see increasingly different species in specialized stores. Today we will talk about how to take care of cacti:
Its main characteristic is that it survives in extreme conditions of lack of water thanks to its capacity to accumulate water in the stalks, leaves and roots. They are usually covered with barbs and thorns, so it is very easy to recognize a cactus.
They are ideal plants for people who do not have the ability to take care of plants that demand greater care, because they are simple, versatile plants with little care. Check out the tips to have and keep a cactus always beautiful.
How to care for cacti: ideal soil
The ideal land for cacti should consist of a mixture of crushed leaves, coarse sand and clay. The sand can not be too thin, nor too rounded to avoid compacting the soil and damaging the water drainage.
If your cactus is placed in the properly prepared soil, your plant will be at least 4 to 5 years old without the need to add fertilizer.
As it grows you can add bone meal or phosphate from time to time, gradually, never in one go and liquid fertilizer.
Solid fertilizer can also be put in, but you need to add the fertilizer where the roots are and then water it superficially.
How to Plant Cacti
This type of plant is very versatile and adapts to any location because they grow as they have space. If there is no more space, they park in the size they could reach.
So you can plant first in small vases, in the mini version, which are a cuteness to have indoors on the coffee table, desk or even on the office desk and then evolve into large species that can decorate an entire room.
- Choose the ideal vase. Cacti can be planted in any type of pot: plastic, ceramic, earthenware vessels, glass containers and even cups.
- It is important that the chosen pot has holes to facilitate water drainage or your cactus can die "drowned."
- Fill the vase with the substrate suitable for cacti with soil mixed with sand and avoid clay soil.
- Remove a sprout from the mother plant with care, as the spikes can hurt and fit it into a small hole made in the ground. Within two months your bud will develop roots.
- To finish, cover the vase with pebbles or gravel.
To replant the cactus and grow it, you must provide a large vase that is 25cm to 1 meter deep. Prepare the substrate as described above, remove the cactus from the small vessel and transplant it into the larger vessel respecting the same level as it was.
Always wear gloves to protect hands when handling cacti, as thorns actually hurt. And keep the vase with the cactus transplanted in the shade for a few days.
5 good reasons to have a cactus at home
1. Requires little water
If you are the type who forgets to take care of the plants or simply does not have the time, because travels a lot and spends a lot of time away from home, the cacti are perfect for beautifying your home. They do not need frequent watering, on the contrary, if you get too wet, they can rot and die.
2. Excess of sun
Is your house very hot and picks up intense sunshine in the open areas? This can be a problem for growing certain plants, but not for cacti. They need a lot of direct light and withstand high temperatures, so this is the right plant for the place you live in.
3. Variety of species
There are cacti of all types and sizes, the variety of species is enormous. You can assemble vases with the mini cacti, you can create a stylish and different look with the large ones and they can be packed in any location. When the space to grow ends, it parks.
4. Discharge pruning
Cacti do not need to be pruned, so they are very practical plants that require little care. They are cute in their original shape, cut will leave them weird.
5. Nature close by
It is always good to have a little green inside the house and if you can not keep plants that require greater care, invest in the cacti. They get that good feeling of having a little plant nearby and are very resilient.
6. Colorful cacti
Did you know that there are red, yellow, orange and even pink cacti? The first colored cactus emerged in a greenhouse in Japan unintentionally, it was considered a mutation of a conventional cactus and began to be reproduced.
Nowadays they are very popular and you can find colorful cactos even in supermarkets that sell flowers or in virtual stores and the price ranges from R $ 2 to R $ 30 reais each plant.
However, colored species have a large difference compared to conventional cacti: they are considered sensitive plants and more difficult to care for. Check out the necessary care:
- the substrate must be more porous and with little organic matter
- the watering should be very moderate, avoiding wetting the leaves and causing the water to reach directly to the ground
- the crop should be in the shade without direct sun exposure
Even with all these cares, the life of a colored cactus is less than the life of conventional cacti. So if you want a plant for many, many years, prefer conventional cacti because its durability is greater.
How To Make a Cactus Bloom
Did you know that cacti can also bloom? In fact, cactus flowers are considered some of the most beautiful in nature because of their bright colors and different shapes. Before you commit to getting flowers from your cactus, check to see if it blooms as there are not all the species that do.
Also, check the flowering season so that you put fertilizer in it a month or two before with high potassium content.
In winter it is necessary to keep it out of the cold and further reduce watering to once or twice a month. But do not despair if your cactus does not bloom right on the first try because these plants are slow developing and can take years to offer their first flower.
It takes a lot of dedication and patience to enjoy this wonder of nature, but do not give up. Just for the sake of curiosity, did you know that there is a genus of cactus, the Cereus, better known as Mandacaru, which has a large size and a white flower that opens for just one night?
And did you know that Mayflower is considered a plant of the cactus family? It has this name because it usually blooms between the months of April and May and gives outstanding flowers that resemble a small orchid.
Now watch the video on how to care for cacti and succulents:
As you can see the cacti are phenomenal plants that you can grow without fear. Take advantage of the tips in our article and build your cactus garden.