Gypsum ceiling: complete guide to know types and applications

Work with gypsum ceiling may not be one of the easier tasks for those who want to renovate the house, but the result of uniting the decoration with the construction is amazing!

If the residence project starts from scratch, it is best to perform this step while there is time, after all the plaster requires space and a lot of dirt.

Today you will learn about the different types of gypsum ceiling and how to insert in the decoration of various environments. Follow these tips:

Advantages of gypsum ceiling

1. Guaranteed lighting

This is the main reason people install gypsum in the environment. We know that lighting is the strong point in the decoration, and consequently, it will bring warmth to the environment. In this case, inlaying fixtures, playing with the models (now rails, now spots), making light traces, installing pendants anywhere are one of the requirements of the ceiling of the plaster.

2. Uniform apparent structure

All wall imperfections and apparent beams are hidden by gypsum ceiling .

3. Thread wires and cables

Moving the wires and plumbing to another area of ​​the house is common in retirement, as with cable TV networks or air conditioning tubing. Any type of electric and hydraulic passage can be hidden with the gypsum ceiling , without the need to break wall or floor.

4. Decoration

Be creative and design your gypsum ceiling along with the layout of the furniture. With it it is possible to create levels in the ceiling, leaving one part recessed and the other not, one part curved and the remainder with smooth appearance, insert frames, finishes and etc.

Types of Gypsum Ceiling

1. Lowering

The lowering of gypsum is the technique most used today in the decoration of the house. Using the lowering or plaster lining is nothing more than lowering the ceiling with a false ceiling. Its finish is smooth and the tendency is to keep them in straight lines, providing a sleek, clean and uniform look.

Ceiling with recess in plaster

2. Plaster cast

THE plaster molding is an alternative lining, but with installation in only a part of the ceiling, without the need of lowering. It works like a frame between the ceiling and the wall, being able to be curved or straight and of the size you want.

Ceiling with plasterboard

3. Removable plaster

They are plaster boards most commonly used in corporate environments, where wire and cable maintenance occurs very frequently. So they can be removed easily, without causing noises and dirt.

Ceiling with removable plaster

What is the difference between plaster and drywall?

It is common for people to confuse the traditional gypsum lining with drywall, which although originating from the same material, there are clear differences in application.

The common plaster lining is made with 60 × 60 plates attached to each other with wire. In these amendments plaster is passed with the aid of a trowel to make it smooth.

The drywall is a structure made of steel profiles wrapped around paper and screwed. For the finishes paper strips are used in the joints and then the mass of drywall is passed.

If it is a house without slab and with large spans the ideal is to use the drywall. Already in apartments or in a small environment, it is best to choose the traditional plaster.

Before and after plaster ceiling

Before and after plaster ceiling

Play: Blog Joia Bergamo

The environment with plaster allows greater flexibility in lighting and further enhances the disposition of the furniture, generating sensations of breadth and lightness.

60 inspiring photos of environments with plaster ceiling

Get to know 60 current projects that use the plaster ceiling with different approaches in the decoration of environments:

Picture 1 - Ceiling of plaster with drawing.

Plaster ceiling with drawing

Picture 2 - Tears bring contemporaneity to the environment.

contemporary decoration with plaster ceiling

Picture 3 - Sancas curvas are welcome in the children's room.

Children's room with open canopy ceiling


The flexibility of the Drywall allows you to create any type of project, abusing angles and curves for a creative ceiling.

Picture 4 - Living room with open molding.

Living room with open molding


In this room, the plasterboard is facing the center of the room. In this case it is worth embedding the illumination in the frame or in the spacing between the ceiling and the molding.

Picture 5 - Home office very dynamic, with bench and curvilinear ceiling.

Dynamic Home Office with Gypsum Ceiling

Picture 6 - Make a contour around the area.

Contour on the plaster ceiling

Image 7 - Plaster with ribbons.

Plaster with teardrops on ceiling decoration


Tears are made to create some sort of light propagation. They can be void or filled with an acrylic sheet or glass.

Image 8 - The architecture is in every detail!

Architecture in all details in environment with plaster ceiling


The ceiling was coated with the lowering of the plaster and moldings in different formats, giving the impression of a playful and futuristic atmosphere.

Picture 9 - The curved crown molding takes more softness to the space.

The curved hollow takes more softness into space

Image 10 - Around the luminaire: apply a plaster frame to highlight the piece.

Plaster molding around the lamp

Image 11 - Compatibilize with electrical installations.

Electrical installations in gypsum ceiling

Figure 12 - Mix materials to make the liner.

Materials mixed to form the liner

Image 13 - The corridor is a great place to abuse different lighting.

Differential lighting in hallway with plaster ceiling

Picture 14 - Give movement with the sinuous crown molding.

Give movement with winding crown molding


With a contemporary concept, the plaster was executed to cause this futuristic effect with several rounded crown moldings.

Picture 15 - The plaster recess provides a more creative illumination.

Creative lighting with plaster recess

Image 16 - Follow the limits of space, respecting your drawing.

Follow the limits of space, respecting your design

Image 17 - Ceiling of plaster with flowers and frames.

Plaster ceiling with flowers and frames


Beaded details and designs add elegance, leaving the classic touch in the décor.

Picture 18 - Mix the rustic with the modern through the constructive techniques.

Mix the rustic with the modern through constructive techniques

Picture 19 - The recess with tears allows to install spots and leds.

The recess with tears allows you to install spots and leds


In this dining room, a recessed panel of plaster was created, with indirect lighting with the use of led hoses. To leave the brightest room in the dining room was installed the crystal chandelier that projects the light directly onto the table.

Image 20 - The recess allows to delimit each area.

Delimit each area with the plaster recess on the ceiling

Image 21 - Highlight the crown molding through painting.

Stands highlighted through painting

Picture 22 - Play with the recesses for a dynamic look.

Gypsum recesses for a dynamic look

Picture 23 - Bright and modern dining room!

Dining room with plaster ceiling

Picture 24 - Make a pictured recess in the bathroom.

Recess with frame in bathroom

Image 25 - Indirect light promotes more decorative than functional lighting.

Indirect light promotes more decorative lighting in the plaster ceiling


This relegation divides the room from the circulation hall. A more decorative lighting was installed with a led application.

Image 26 - Long, straight tears make the environment longer.

Long, straight slits leave the environment longer

Image 27 - Highlight for the noble area of ​​the office.

Highlight for the noble area of ​​the office with plaster ceiling

Image 28 - Sanca on island to highlight the bench area.

Sanca on island to highlight the bench area


To make the look striking and expressive, the island's crown molding is the best option. This model serves to highlight some area of ​​the environment, as shown in the above project.

Picture 29 - In this way, the ceiling becomes the focus in the environment.

Spotlight in the environment with plaster ceiling


The curved crown molding contrasts perfectly with the straight shapes of the room, enhancing the feeling of movement. Indirect lighting with white lights adds elegance and exuberance.

Figure 30 - To highlight the ceiling install an LED strip on its end.

LED strip to highlight the plaster tear on the ceiling


In addition to bringing more personality and elegance to the environment, curved crown molding also allows the use of lighting as a decorative element, as this project shows. The LED strip reinforces the refinement and intimacy of the environment.

Figure 31 - The tear highlights the axis of movement.

The tear highlights the axis of movement of the environment

Picture 32 - Plaster for clean and modern apartment!

Plaster for clean and modern apartment

Picture 33 - Points of light are welcome in baby rooms.

Plaster ceiling with light dots for baby room

Picture 34 - Do a ceiling plan to have the perfect environment.

Plaster ceiling

Image 35 - Ceiling of plaster with molding.

Plaster ceiling with crown molding in female bedroom


In this girl's room were spots embedded in the crown molding and an indirect light generated by the yellow LED hose. For the central area, a beautiful lamp complements the feminine and childlike look.

Image 36 - Gypsum ceiling for the bedroom.

Gypsum ceiling for bedroom

Image 37 - The trend of 2018 is to abuse a decorated ceiling.

Ceiling decorated with plaster: trend for 2018

Image 38 - Modern living room with plaster ceiling and crown molding.

Contemporary living room with plaster molding

Image 39 - The open crown creates a more diffuse and decorative illumination.

Diffuse lighting with open cast plaster

Picture 40 - The purpose here was to highlight the headboard of the bed.

Gypsum ceiling highlighting the headboard of the bed

Picture 41 - The set of lamps must have harmony in the composition.

Plaster ceiling with set of lamps

Image 42 - Gypsum ceiling with crafted frame.

Molded frame with plaster ceiling

Picture 43 - To provide a clean style!

Plaster ceiling with clean style

Image 44 - Pendants and rails decorate this plain plaster lining.

Plain plaster lining with pendants

Image 45 - Plaster recess with indirect light.

Plaster recess with indirect lighting

Image 46 - Work the lining together.

Lining worked together

Image 47 - 3D plaster ceiling.

3D plaster ceiling

Image 48 - Plaster ceiling with wide crown molding.

Plaster ceiling with wide crown molding

Picture 49 - The moldings allow to install an extra lighting in the room.

Extra lighting in the room with the plasterboard

Picture 50 - The LED tapes give lightness to the residence.

Lighter for residence with LED tapes

Image 51 - Ceiling of plaster with tears and rails inlaid.

Tears and rails embedded in the ceiling of plaster

Image 52 - Ceiling of plaster with spots.

Plaster ceiling with spotlights

Picture 53 - Hide to the structure of the air conditioning.

Hide the air conditioning structure with plaster

Image 54 - Ceiling of plaster and wood.

Ceiling of plaster and wood

Picture 55 - The recesses can have different heights and shapes.

Gypsum recesses may have different heights

Image 56 - The result is a uniform, integrated environment.

The result is a uniform and integrated environment with plaster ceiling

Image 57 - For a Provencal decoration, abuse a detailed plaster ceiling.

Detailed gypsum ceiling for a Provencal decoration

Image 58 - With demotion it is possible to delimit an environment of the house.

Delimit the environment with the lowering in plaster


The island molding is a lowering of a part of the liner, creating a lower area and therefore more cozy. This solution is very well to highlight some space, as it occurs in this kitchen, which allows to differentiate the cooking area with the social.

Image 59 - Ceiling of plaster and concrete.

Gypsum ceiling and concrete

Image 60 - The crown molding marks the spaces of the apartment.

The gypsum plaster demarcates the spaces of the rooms in the apartment

Price of plaster ceiling, how much does it cost?

Gypsum is a relatively inexpensive material, whether in 60 × 60 boards or drywall panel the cost does not differ much.

The plasterboard has a lower value compared to drywall, the variation between them is 10%.
The price of material with labor may vary from R $ 50.00 to R $ 100.00 per m2.

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