Granite is the most commonly used stone for kitchens and bathrooms. In parts, this success comes from the relatively lower cost of granite when compared to marble or artifical stones, such as Silestone, for example.
But the popularity of granite is not limited to price. The durability, strength and beauty of the stone also help it to occupy the first position when it comes to coating countertops and counters.
However, did you know that granite can be used in many other ways? Yes. The stone can be used as flooring, wall cladding, sills, drippers, stairs, to create details in the architecture and even as table tops.
And, just as the stone lavishes versatility in use, it is still able to cater to the most diverse tastes. This is because granite has different color variations and textures on its surface, ranging from lighter shades like white and yellow to the sophistication of black and brown.
Faced with so many benefits and advantages, granite more than proves that it deserves an exclusive post just for him, do not you think? Well, then, let's get right down to the fact that today we're going to break the universe of this beautiful stone. Check out:
What is granite?
The word granite comes from Latin and means grain. Granite is a type of magmatic rock, that is, formed by the cooling and solidification of the magma.
Present throughout the globe, granite is a composition of minerals, among them quartz, feldspar, responsible for the color of the stone, and mica, which gives shine to the stone.
The most commonly found colors of granite are the greyish and reddish, however, there are still granites in the colors black, blue, yellow, green, white and brown.
Granite is an old acquaintance in the history of mankind. The earliest records of use of the stone come from Ancient Egypt, where it was used for the construction of monuments and tombs of pharaohs. Then it was the Romans who began to use the stone in their architectural works.
Since then, the use of stone has become more popular and nowadays virtually all houses have at least a kitchen countertop or bathroom made of granite.
What is the difference between granite and marble?
A common question that many people ask is what is the difference between granite and marble? In a first impression, the stones may be very similar, but a closer look is enough to begin to repair the sharp differences between them.
The granite has grains and dots on its surface, while the marble is marked by veins and has a more uniform coloration, this is perhaps the main and most visible difference between the two types of stone.
Another important feature that distinguishes marble from granite is the degree of hardness. Granite is much more durable and durable than marble. In the Mohs scale, a reference that measures the hardness of the earth elements, the granite is between 6 and 7, in a scale that goes from 1 to 10. The marble has a degree of hardness 3.
To test if a stone is marble or granite try to scratch the surface. The marble strikes easily, while the granite does not scratch. The marble is also more porous, which means it absorbs water and other liquids more easily and, consequently, ends up staining more easily than granite.
And, finally, there is the price. Marble is much more expensive than granite and one of the main factors for this is the fact that marble is imported, while much of the production of granite is national.
What is the average price of granite?
Granite prices vary greatly, especially given the color and uniformity of the stone. In general, the more uniform granites are more expensive than those all dotted on the surface.
White and black granites tend to be more expensive, while gray granite is the cheapest because it is more common.
The average price of São Gabriel black granite is around R $ 900 per square meter. In comparison, the gray granite Corumbá has an average price of $ 200 a square meter.
Types of granite
Know now the main and most used types of granite and its main features.
Types of granite: yellow
The yellow granites have remarkable personality, so it is recommended to use them in neutral bases environments to avoid causing a real visual pollution. The yellow granites usually have a very heterogeneous surface, mixing yellow background with dots brown, black, cream and pink.
The most homogeneous of them is the Yellow Passionflower, with a coloration that resembles light brown. The yellow Florence, Icaraí and Ornamental are strongly marked by the dots on the surface. For those who prefer a more clear and discreet option, however, can choose the Santa Cecilia yellow, this stone is more neutral when compared to the others and their dots are much smaller.
Other options for yellow granites are the Arabesque, the Capri, the Yellow Gold and the Golden Macauba.
The price of the yellow granite is very attractive, being between R $ 220 (Ornamental and Gold) to R $ 320 (Icarai and Santa Cecilia) the square meter.
Types of granite: blue
The blue granites are lovely. The bright and vivid color stands out in any design, ensuring a refined and modern effect wherever you are. The blue granite is especially welcome in bathroom designs, as well as beautiful, the color also induces relaxation.
The most common types of blue granite are Norwegian, Blue Power and Blue Night. Among them, the Norwegian is the "blue" of all, with a more homogeneous and regular surface. Blue Power features a blend of blue, white and red in its composition, while the Blue Night is a kind of darker and more closed blue granite.
Granite Types: White
White granites are, along with the black ones, one of the most sought after. White Ceará, Crystal White, Dallas White, Emerald White, Itaúnas White, Macauba White, Ivory White, White Piracema and White Siena granite are included in this list.
Although they all have the white background as the main feature, they are not all the same and most of them have spots dotted with black, such as Dallas White, Ivory White and White Ceará. The most homogenous of all is Branco Itaunas. Siena white also has a uniform surface, but the coloring tends more towards a gray than a white proper.
An important detail that should be noted regarding white granites is that they stain much more easily than other colors. Although it is less porous than marble, white granite can stain if it is exposed to substances with dyes, such as grape juice, coffee and tomato sauce, for example. The tip here is: dirty, cleaned. When cleaning, use only mild soap with a soft sponge.
The average price of white granite ranges from R $ 200 to R $ 500 per square meter, the most being Branco and Fortaleza, and the more expensive is Branco Branco.
Types of Granite: Ash
Gray granites are the most abundant in nature and, for that reason also, are the most common and used. Consequently they end up being the cheapest too. The average price of gray granites ranges from $ 120 to $ 250. The cheapest of all is the Corumbazinho, a type of gray granite with black and white grains on the gray background.
The advantage of gray granites, besides the price, is neutrality, since the tone combines with practically all types of colors and decorations.
If you wish, for example, a more homogeneous gray can bet on the granite Castle and Bressan, both have small, uniform grains on the surface. While the Noble granite, Corumbá and Swallow have a more granular aspect and with larger dots.
Types of granite: green
The green granites are an extra for decoration. They fill the environment with a distinctive, bright and personality-filled tone. The most common and used of them is Ubatuba, inclusive, this is also one of the cheapest.
The average price of green granite Ubatuba is $ 130 a square meter. The main feature of Ubatuba green are the larger grains on the surface of the stone.
Other options for green granite are Ella Green, similar to marble by the presence of white veins, Verde Candeias, light green granite, and Labrador Verde, a type of green granite more uniform and homogeneous than the others.
Types of granite: brown
Brown granites are also successful and are another recurring option of those who are building and renovating. This special type of granite marks the ambience of sobriety, elegance and refinement.
The most homogeneous choice of brown granite is the Absolute, it has practically no dots or striking grains, and is an excellent choice for cleans projects, modern but with a touch of sophistication. However, this is also one of the most expensive brown granites on the market. The average price of Absolute Brown is around R $ 600 to R $ 900 per square meter.
Other cheaper options of brown granite, not as homogeneous as the absolute, but still uniform, are Bahia and Tobacco, with an average value between R $ 470 and R $ 550 per square meter.
For those who prefer a lighter and reasonably homogeneous shade of brown can invest in Brown Beaver. Hawai is an option for those who want something more striking and daring in the decoration, since the remarkable veins of this granite put it in evidence in the decoration.
Types of granite: black
Black granites print sophistication and elegance in any environment they are placed. In Brazil five types of granites are found: Stellar Black, Absolute Black, São Gabriel, Milky Way, Aracruz and Indian Black. A great advantage of black granites is that they are more resistant to stains, thanks to the dark coloration they have.
Absolute black granite is one of the favorites in interior decoration. Its main characteristic is the uniformity of the surface, since this stone almost does not present dots. This homogeneity allows the granite to be used without interfering with the other decoration elements. However, if you liked the stone, prepare the pocket. Absolute black granite is one of the most expensive on the market, costing R $ 900 per square meter.
Black Milky Way
The black granite Milky Way is a stone for those looking for something of great visual impact. The surface has white veins that, when contrasted with the black background, really resemble the design of our Milky Way, hence the name. The veins of this granite make it very similar to marble. A tip for those who choose the Milky Way granite is to explore a neutral decoration, preferably white, that can highlight and highlight the stone. The average price of Milky Way granite is $ 400 per square meter.
Black Saint Gabriel
Among the black granites, what has the best cost benefit is the Saint Gabriel . This stone is not as uniform as Absolute Black, but still can be considered more homogeneous than the others, since the small dots on the surface appear in a discreet and smooth way.
The black granite São Gabriel is also more in account, the average price of this stone costs about $ 350 a square meter.
Types of granite: red
Red granites are not as sought after as the previous ones, but they may prove to be a great choice when properly incorporated into the project.
The red granites are striking. The most striking of them is the Red Africa, a very interesting combination of red and blue. Raísa is also a red granite, but with a light blue background that makes it very different from the others.
The Red Verona and the Brasilia Red are options for those looking for a stone of points and larger grains.
The price of red granite is relatively cheaper than black and white, for example. To give you an idea, the price of the square meter of Red Brasilia granite is around R $ 120.
Slightly lost among so many granite options? Perhaps some environments decorated with different types of granite can help you choose which fits best in your project. What do you think? Accompany with us the selection of photos with the most varied types of granite:
Types of granite: 60 color photos and examples in the decoration
Picture 1 - White granite staircase marked by the contrast of irregular steps of black granite.
Picture 2 - Gray granite countertop: a joker for any project.
Picture 3 - White granite with black grains, like the Dallas or Polar, is perfect in white kitchens with wooden details.
Image 4 - Brown granite already has that extra touch of sophistication that the environment needs.
Picture 5 - To match the wooden furniture, a brown granite countertop.
Picture 6 - The black granite brought sophistication to the rustic wooden furniture, besides, of course, a hint of modernity.
Picture 7 - The gray granite of the workbench and the wall accompanies the color tone used in the painting.
Picture 8 - Nothing like a white granite for cleans and illuminated projects.
Picture 9 - But the white granite can also be used to create contrast, as in this case in which the furniture is black and the white bench.
Picture 10 - The brown granite harmonizes well with neutral and soft colors, like white, especially when the intention is to create a rustic environment, but without being clean.
Image 11 - The modern kitchen invested in white granite to the countertops of the central island.
Picture 12 - And in the bathroom, a beautiful black granite sink, following the color of the floor.
Picture 13 - Gray furniture equals the gray granite countertop.
Picture 14 - Sculptural granite sink; to balance the striking texture of the stone the rest of the bathroom was planned in neutral tones.
Picture 15 - Gray granite is cheap, functional and very aesthetic as well.
Image 16 - Are you in doubt if a textured granite can look good in the bathroom? This project will take away your insecurity.
Picture 17 - The faucet inside the tub completed the modernity of this proposed granite countertop.
Picture 18 - All white in the bathroom? So choose a granite and be happy, any stone matches the white background.
Picture 19 - Gray granite staircase: an economical and yet very aesthetic option.
Picture 20 - Ah a black granite! He pulls out sighs wherever he goes.
Picture 21 - The gray and black granulation of this white granite is the charm that was lacking for the kitchen.
Image 22 - Wooden floor? Then risk brown granite on the countertop.
Picture 23 - Wooden floor? Then risk brown granite on the countertop.
Picture 24 - White granite to contrast the kitchen wood
Image 25 - Kitchen of brown tones bet on black granite countertop.
Image 26 - Cuba and black cooktop stand out on the white granite stone.
Picture 27 - Bathroom with retro inspiration and refined touch counted on the elegance of the black granite to compose the decor.
Image 28 - Want to save money and make yourself beautiful at the same time? So the tip is to bet on white furniture and gray granite.
Picture 29 - White granite is another good request for those who want to save money and make the house beautiful.
Picture 30 - The brown granite highlights the beauty of the wood of the furniture.
Picture 31 - Clean kitchen with white granite.
Picture 32 - And for those who wish to escape from those white bathrooms you can bet on wooden furniture and white granite.
Image 33 - Already here in this kitchen, the gray granite brings neutrality.
Picture 34 - Simple, neutral, but full of charm.
Picture 35 - In this bathroom, the granite brings the classic and elegant influence, while the colored wall shows the modern and stripped side of the same project.
Image 36 - For the service area, a small but significant black bench.
Image 37 - Granite on the floor and stairs; care only to ensure that the stone is treated with adequate anti-skid treatment.
Picture 38 - The best way to let a piece of furniture appear is by investing in a neutral and clear stone.
Image 39 - The best way to let a piece of furniture appear is by investing in a neutral, clear stone.
Picture 40 - Beyond beautiful, black granite is more resistant to stains and marks on the surface.
Image 41 - Extend the use of granite to the table top as well.
Picture 42 - The gray kitchen could not have made a better choice than this white granite marked by veins and black grains.
Picture 43 - Gray granite: on the countertop and on the wall.
Image 44 - Who said that yellow granite does not have time? This kitchen was all planned with him.
Image 45 - Black granite grains talk directly to furniture of the same color.
Image 46 - All elegance of brown granite for this integrated environments design.
Picture 47 - Caring lovingly, your granite countertop will remain bright and intact for a long time.
Image 48 - Imagine an entire island lined with black granite? A luxury only.
Image 49 - A simple bench, but valued by white granite.
Picture 50 - The retro proposal of this kitchen counted on black granite to be even more charming.
Picture 51 - And when all cabinets are made of wood, a good request is the white granite to create contrast in the environment.
Picture 52 - Already in this other kitchen the colors are inverted, the black happens to be the predominant background color in the granite, while the dotted ones are white.
Image 53 - Harmonious combination of brown granite and wall coated with tablets.
Picture 54 - Absolute black granite was all this kitchen needed to be complete.
Picture 55 - When you think that everything is already right, try installing a lighting under the granite stone; repair the effect.
Picture 56 - Granite: a classic stone, timeless and that fits in all type of proposal of decoration.
Image 57 - The brown bathroom was not afraid to face a black granite with white granulations.
Image 58 - And the simple kitchen did very well with the white granite countertop.
Image 59 - The yellow granite completes the rustic and cozy proposal of this kitchen.
Picture 60 - In this kitchen, the granite countertop extends until it turns into an American counter.